North American Civilization
Axia College of University of Phoenix
Early North Americans, or Native Americans, were a blend of many different people. Their lifestyles varied, depending on where they settled. Some relied heavily on hunting and gathering, some relied heavily on agriculture and farming, and others relied heavily on fishing. Even when it came to language, they were very diverse, as early North Americans spoke as many as around 1,000 different languages. In order to communicate with one another or with explorers venturing to new lands, a conversation had to be translated into many dialects until it was translated into the local understood one, and even though they were already there, they were in a sense looked down upon like they did not even exist when it came to European countries laying claim to lands that they had “discovered”, even though they were already inhabited, and this arrogance is partly shown in the Gutierrez map. The first people to migrate to America were most likely from the continent of Asia. This most likely took place during a prehistoric glacial period, which was either before 35,000 B.C.E. or about 10,000 years later (Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, & Wardlaw, 2005). Around these times, large amounts of water froze into sheets of ice, which turned what is known as the Bering Strait into a large plain, acting as a bridge between Asia and North America. This new land bridge allowed for people from Siberia to migrate to the area now known as Alaska. Over a period of time of about 25,000 years, settlements spread from the Alaskan coast, down to Central and South America, as well as further into the mainland of North America. Early North Americans, or Native Americans, were mainly nomadic hunters and gatherers, just like many others in that period of time. Later on, around 5,500 B.C.E., the people in the central area of what is now known as Mexico learned how to cultivate and farm food crops. This knowledge spread...
References: 1. Davidson, J.W., Gienapp, W.E., Heyrman, C.L., & Wardlaw, G.M. (2005). A Nation of Nations: A concise narrative of the American Republic (4th ed.). Chapter 1. Columbus, OH: The McGraw-Hill Companies.
2. Davidson, J.W., Gienapp, W.E., Heyrman, C.L., & Wardlaw, G.M. (2005). A Nation of Nations: A concise narrative of the American Republic (4th ed.). PSI Source: Gutierrez Map. Chapter 1. Columbus, OH: The McGraw-Hill Companies.
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