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By Alessio-Symons Mar 04, 2014 399 Words
One of the world’s greatest conflicts occurred when President Harry Truman decided to drop atomic bombs onto the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, thus causing a great conflict. On August 6th and 9th, 1945, two nuclear bombs “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” were detonated, destroying the cities and killing thousands. It was one of the most lethal attacks with a single weapon in history. There were many reasons behind this: to end World War II quickly, to save American lives, and finally to prove America’s military strength and the strength of the nuclear bomb. By using the two bombs, America accomplished all three of these things, making the dropping of the nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki a wise, beneficial decision. The Manhattan project, the project name for the atomic bomb was underway by 1944. After testing the bomb for the first time on July 16th, it was proclaimed a success, but it also created an argument between the American government. There was issues on whether they should use the bomb and end the war quickly with few American casualties, or invade Japan and end the war over a longer stretch of time with a great amount of American casualties. President Truman was indecisive about using the bombs, until he spoke to Churchill and Stalin about the project. Truman said in his diary; “I believe Japs will fold up before Russia comes in. I am sure they will when Manhattan appears over their homeland.” (Kross, pg 6) It was at this point when using the atomic bomb was deemed a beneficial attack to use against the Japanese, should they not surrender unconditionally. A few months after this revelation, Japanese militarists, Baron Kantaro Suzuki, said that it was his government's policy to "fight to the very end…even if it meant the deaths of one hundred million Japanese." (Kross, pg 6) This left Truman with no choice but to drop the atomic bombs into the cities of Japan, because without doing so he would not receive the fast ending of the war that he so desired. After the dropping of this bomb, an immediate surrender was expected of the Japanese, but it was not given until the Americans dropped the second atomic bomb “Fat Man”, into the city of Nagasaki a few days later. It was after this that Emperor Hirohito proclaimed the surrender of Japan, bringing immediate peace, and ending WWII.

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