December 7, 2007
Hip-Hop’s Effect on African-American Feminists
Davis, Eisa. “Sexism and the Art of Feminists Hip-Hop Maintenance.” To be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism. New York: Anchor Books, 1995. 131-139. Davis points out that not all feminists are taking the concept of sexism so casually and also _ believes that rap lyrics are not the only cause for the degradation of black women. Black _ _ men have given black women a place where they can gain public acceptance in popular _ _ culture._
DiPrima, Dominique. “Women in Rap.” Hotwire. May 1991: 36. Salt-N-Pepa is introduced and this tells how they make a statement in hip-hop music _ through their lyrics. DiPrima talks about the group’s female empowerment that became_ _ present in their songs._
Emerson, Rana. “African-American Teenage Girls and the Construction of Black Womanhood in Mass Media and Popular Culture.” 88.
Emerson says the lyrics make racism seem normal and acceptable. In contrast, black girls _ remain confident in themselves. They use popular culture to make their lives more meaningful _ _ and express themselves. _
Niesel, Jeff. “Hip-Hop Matters: Rewriting the Sexual Politics of Rap Music.” Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. Minneapolis: U of Minneapolis P, 1997. 242-245. Niesel states rap music is exploitative, but it also plays a significant role in enforcing _ feminists’ principles. He says there are rappers out there who use their rap to advocate _ _ treating women fairly, and bring awareness of social problems. _ Pilgrim, Dr. David. “Jezebel.” July 2002. http://www.ferris.edu/news/jimcrow/jezebel. Pilgrim says black women have always been viewed as sexually promiscuous. These views _ still carry on in pop culture today. He also talks about how black women were viewed in the _ _ times of Foxy Brown and Lil Kim._...
Bibliography: Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. Minneapolis: U of Minneapolis P, 1997. 242-245.
Niesel states rap music is exploitative, but it also plays a significant role in enforcing
Study of Women and Gender. Dec. 1993.
Rose talks about the bad effect of young women listening to degrading lyrics and believing
Valenti, Jessica. Full Frontal Feminism. New York: Seal Press, 2007. 10.
Valenti talks about the third wave feminist movement and how it uses personal narratives,
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