High-quality education is a big dream for many in the world that won’t become a reality. Though there are many obstacles that can cease one’s opportunity, there is one primary reason why people don’t receive a higher education. The primary reason is that attending college for a higher education is beyond reach for several people due to the amount of money it requires to attend college. The United States has one of the most expensive higher education systems in the world. In 2012-13, the average cost of annual tuition in the United States ranged from $3,131, which is for only two years of public community college, to $29,056 for private four-year college. But, for the best of the best colleges, their tuition with room and board range over $50,000. Stanford is $62,455, Princeton is $58,965, and Harvard is $58,607; the median household income was $51,939 in 2013. Private colleges also increased their tuition by an average of 3.9 percent in 2012-13, which is actually the smallest rise in four decades, according to the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities. But with the internet these days, a free education (outside of full-ride scholarships) is possible. Whether a person is sick to where they can’t get out of the house, has a hectic work schedule or isn’t a social person, there are plenty of beneficial reasons to take online classes. One reason is a student can learn at their own pace. Instead of having to go to class where students need to show up at a required time and sit through an hour of lecture, teachers can present material in eight to twelve-minute segments. Also, online learning lets instructors monitor how students are progressing. For example, if two students out of 100 get an answer wrong, a teacher won't notice a discrepancy, but if 2,000 students make the same error, it's obvious the teacher must address the issue. Daphne Koller is one of the lucky people that had the opportunity to receive a higher education and is now a third-generation PhD. In her TED talk, her purpose is to lure in top universities to put their most captivating courses online for free. She doesn’t want the universities joining just as a service, but she wants them to be a part of research on how people learn. To establish her identity and credibility, Koller, along with cofounder Andrew Ng, created Coursera, where universities can be a part of the free online classes and offer a “real course experience”. All participants are responsible for submitting homework assignments on time and taking quizzes and test, and successful students earn grades and certificates that are valid in the work force. Its goal is to take the best courses from the best instructors at the best universities and provide it to everyone around the world for free. Koller states “the cost of higher education tuition has been increasing at almost twice the rate of health care, for a total of 559 percent since 1985. This makes education unaffordable for many people.” With that statement, one can assume that her target audience will be people who want to pursue a college education, but can’t afford to go. With creating the online site, Koller, through the use of rhetorical strategies, mainly logic and emotion, she is effective in conveying the seriousness of her argument and motivating the audience to take action by joining her website and enrolling for classes. Koller’s strategy to persuade her listeners, is using an emotional state of sadness when she tells a story about a woman in South Africa that had lost her life because she was trying to better her life for her son and herself. There was a scarcity of jobs and it led to a crisis in January of 2012 at the University of Johannesburg. There was a handful of positions that were left open from the standard admissions process. The night before they were supposed to open for registration, the woman, along with thousands of other people that were hoping to be one of the first in line so they could get...
Bibliography: Irwin, Neil. “The typical American family makes less than it did in 1989” The Washington Post, September 17, 2013. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/09/17/the-typical-american-family-makes-less-than-it-did-in-1989/
Koller, Daphne. “What We’re Learning from Online Education” TED Talk, filmed June 2012 http://www.ted.com/talks/daphne_koller_what_we_re_learning_from_online_education
Noss, Amanda. “Household Income: 2013” Census.gov, Issued September 2014. http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acsbr12-02.pdf
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