Higher education in the present world has a very long history. Higher education has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of higher education with all present systems of higher education borrowing much from this first intuition and system of higher education. Until early 20th century, higher education institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of higher education as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering higher education programs. This number was much concentrated in the European continent and America with Africa recording the smaller number of university entrants. Presently, there is over 30 percent of world population who have enrolled in higher education institutions.
Accessing higher education is dependent on various issues. Many institutions of higher learning have developed all over the world. The credibility of many of these institutions still remains unclear and many universities have conned students of their money by offering fake and unrecognized programs. On the other hand, accessing quality higher education in a good private university or college is very expensive. The government institutions of higher learning tend to provide subsidized high education but the increased number of students in government universities and colleges strains the available resources
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