Higher education

Topics: Higher education, Education, University Pages: 7 (2314 words) Published: October 30, 2013


Higher education in the present world has a very long history. Higher education has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of higher education with all present systems of higher education borrowing much from this first intuition and system of higher education. Until early 20th century, higher education institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of higher education as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering higher education programs. This number was much concentrated in the European continent and America with Africa recording the smaller number of university entrants. Presently, there is over 30 percent of world population who have enrolled in higher education institutions. Accessing higher education is dependent on various issues. Many institutions of higher learning have developed all over the world. The credibility of many of these institutions still remains unclear and many universities have conned students of their money by offering fake and unrecognized programs. On the other hand, accessing quality higher education in a good private university or college is very expensive. The government institutions of higher learning tend to provide subsidized high education but the increased number of students in government universities and colleges strains the available resources thus reducing the quality of education in such institutions. Additionally, institutions that charge more tuition fee seem to have better educational facilities such as libraries and libraries. Teaching qualification

Most institutional of higher learning have been very thorough in selecting their teaching staff. Much scrutiny has been emphasized in coming up with professors and other tutors to match the needs of the market that is served by particular institutions of higher learning. Though hiring qualified, experienced and knowledgeable teaching staff is expensive, many institutions have passed the burden of the high cost to learners who have paid expensively for their education. On the other hand, institutions in the education sector entirely for business purposes have used inexperienced and cheap tutors in their universities. The result of this is production of graduates who do not match the job market. Notably, private higher education institutions have employed professors from universities who may full time jobs in their universities. Such professors become overworked leading low quality delivery of their expected teaching standards. The teaching qualification in any institution of higher learning depends on the finances allocated to source and maintain a qualified, experienced and reliable teaching team. Many countries have a certain percentage of budget allocation given to government universities and colleges to constitute a good teaching team. Similarly, private universities and colleges have their budgets to maintain a good teaching team. Most genuine private universities around the world have reported greater quality of their teaching staff compared to government sponsored universities and colleges. This means that such universities have well qualified staffs that possess required knowledge and experience required in higher education. Many institutions of higher learning have their own criteria of selecting their academic staff. Notably institutions...

References: Dearden, L et al (2011). The Impact of Tuition Fees and Support on University Participation in the UK. London: University of London
European Union (2013). High Level Group on the Modernization of Higher Education. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union
Ma, J (2012). Trends in Tuition and Fees, Enrollment, and State Appropriations for Higher Education by State. New York: College Board Advocacy & Policy Center
OPPAGA (2006). Higher Education Facility Construction Costs Are Reasonable; Some Improvements Could Maximize Use of Campus Classroom Space. Oppaga Report. 06-31.
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