High Blood Pressure
Data from World Health Organization (2002), estimated that high blood pressure was the cause of death for more than 7 million individuals every year, affecting 972 million of world population which accounts for 26.4% in total, 26.6% of those are men and 26.1% are women. In addition 333 million of those in developed countries and 639 million in developing countries and responsible for 11% of all diseases burden in industrial countries, it also estimated to be the case of death for more than 20% in men and almost 24% in women (World Health Organization, 2003), (Kearney et al, 2005). In the future, high blood pressure is predicted to increase about 60% by 2025 to reach a total of 1.56 billion. This increase expected to contribute of 9% and 13% in both men and women respectively (Kearney et al, 2005). Globally, the highest prevalence rate of high blood pressure found in women in former socialist economies region while for men was in Latin American and Caribbean region and the lowest prevalence was in “other Asian and islands” region for both men and women. (Kearney et al, 2005). High blood pressure considered one of the main risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, which contributes with 62% of cardiovascular diseases globally. It also contributes to 54% of stroke cases and 47% ischemic heart disease (Lawest et al, 2008). Moreover it is responsible for 50% of heart failure burden in the world (Lloyd et al, 2002). The INTERHEART study estimated that having a hypertension was the reason for 25% of heart attack cases in both central and Eastern Europe while it represents the same reason for 22 % of Western Europe. Individuals who have an elevated blood pressure are suspect to have heart attack twice more than normotensive (Yusuf et al, 2004) or British heart static cite both of them In terms of disability –adjusted life-years, high blood pressure comes as third cause after underweight and unsafe sex by affecting around 64 million of world...
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