Hepatitis B the Silent Killer
M. D. Leslie
Grand Canyon University: NRS-427V-0101
August 30, 2014
Hepatitis B the Silent Killer
Hepatitis B is one of the most serious communicable diseases. This disease attacks the liver one of our major organs of the body.” The virus, which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.” (Hepatitis B Vaccination, 2014)Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. The Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). There are different types of Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, and E.These viral infections causes 78% of liver cancers and HBV alone infects an one in three worldwide. (Global Health Topics Communicable Diseases , 2014) The public has become more concerned with this disease like other communicable diseases because the virus is easily transmitted from person to person. This viral infection can cause either acute or chronic insult. The signs and symptoms of HBV vary by age. Persons that are 5 years old and greater have signs and symptoms 30-50% of the time, whereas most children less than 5 and newly infected immunosuppressed adults are asymptomatic. There is a period of 6 weeks to 6 months before a person can have symptoms. Symptoms began an average of 90 days after exposure. It is incredible that HBV can last outside the body for at least 7 days and still be able to infect a person. The signs and symptoms for HBV are: fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, joint pain, and jaundice. HBV is the infection in a chain of infection that can be interrupted through health education and risk reduction. It all starts with the infection present in a person (the human reservoir), such as HBV. Next in the chain is the infection ability to exit through activities that require percutaneous or mucosal contact with the host. Then there must be transmission of...
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