Hepatitis B (HBV) is a virus that causes liver disease, both acute and chronic. The disease can progress requiring the need for liver transplant. The rate of disease has seen a decline in the United States since the 1970’s due to routine vaccination’s, advances in aseptic techniques used in health care environments and public awareness. The public health nurses role is important in the communication and implementation of health initiatives to decrease the spread and incidence of this disease among the general public.
There are more than 2 billion people in the world who have been diagnosed with (HBV). It is a virus that causes hepatitis B. It was first recognized in Germany in 1883 after ship workers who were inoculated with the “smallpox vaccine made with human lymph fell ill with jaundice” (Shepard, Simard, Finelli, Fiore, & Bell, 2006). Manifestations of the …show more content…
But, there are still many adults being newly diagnosed with Hepatitis b because of needle sharing and high risk sexual behavior, especially in young adult males. From the perspective of public health there is still more education and awareness that needs to be done to reduce the occurrences among high risk populations.
A helpful resource for those who suffer from HBV is the Hepatitis B Foundation. The organization is dedicated to the treatment of HBV and provides helpful resources for those who suffer from the disease. There is information on patient assistance programs to help pay for Epivir and other crucial viral medications. Patients and families can find information on the diseases and how to live with its symptoms. Along with patient personal stories, support groups, research, education and