KING ABDULAZIZ UNIVERSITY
[ Khalid aun alaryani ]
[ 1318872 ]
. .[ Henry Fayol ] . .
Henri Fayol, the father of the school of Systematic Management, was motivated to create a theoretical foundation for a managerial educational program based on his experience as a successful managing director of a mining company. In his day, managers had no formal training and he observed that the increasing complexity of organizations would require more professional management. Fayol's legacy is his generic Principles of Management. Of Fayol's six generic activities for industrial undertakings (technical, commercial, financial, security, accounting, managerial), the most important were The Five Functions of Management that focused on the key relationships between personnel and its management. Planning was referred as drawing up plans of actions that combine unity, continuity, flexibility and precision given the organization’s resources, type and significance of work and future trends. Creating a plan of action is the most difficult of the five tasks and requires the active participation of the entire organization. Planning must be coordinated on different levels and with different time horizons where as organizing was providing capital, personnel and raw materials for the day-to-day running of the business, and building a structure to match the work. Organizational structure depends entirely on the number of employees. An increase in the number of functions expands the organization horizontally and promotes additional layers of supervision. Leadership was about optimizing return from all employees in the interest of the entire enterprise. Successful managers have personal integrity, communicate clearly and base their judgments on regular audits. Their thorough knowledge of personnel creates unity, energy, initiative and loyalty and eliminates incompetence. Controlling in the other hand unifying and harmonizing activities and efforts to maintain the balance between the activities of the organization as in sales to production and procurement to production.
More than 100 years ago, leading managers had only access to few external resources as a guidance to develop their management practice where as managers of today have more access to different tools of resources. These resources and theories were the tools that build foundations of modern management theory by Henri Fayol. He worked as a director of a mining company managing more than 1,000 people. Throughout the years, Henry Fayol began to develop many important principles of management that essentially explained about the organization and interaction between mangers and staffs. In 1916, Henry published his Principles of Management book known as Administration Industrielle et Generale. He also created a list of the six primary functions of management, which go hand in hand with the Principles. The principles of the Fayol’s are considered as a most influence modern concept of management for the managers of today. Henry Foyels principles influence 20th century managers about the organization and interaction with their employees in more productive way. The father of administration management theory Henry Foyal made the world generalize the important of management by his theories and it principles which were obtain by his keen insight and practical management experience gain as a director of mining company. Fayol refers management as a knowledge base skill rather than personal talent and laid the foundation of management as a separate body of knowledge and always insisted that if scientific forecasting and proper methods are used in management than company can get satisfactory results. His concept of viewing management was based on the function and comprehensive framework from which the management...
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