Henri Fayol was born in Istanbul in
1841.When he was 19,he begun working as
an engineer at a large mining company in
France. He eventually became the director,
at a time when mining company employed
more than 1,000 people.
Through the years,fayol began to develop
what he considered to be the 14 most
important principles of
how manager should organize and Interact
In 1916,two years before he stepped down as
director,he published his “14 principle of
management”in the book”administration
industrielle et generale.”fayol alos created a
list of the six primary functions of
managenment,which go hand in hand with
“Fayol 14 principle” was one of the earliuest
theories of management to be create,and
remains,one of the modern comprehensive.he’s
considered to be among the most influential
contributors to the modern concept of
management, even though people don’t refer
to”the 14 principle “often today..
The theory falls under the administrative
HENRI FAYOL’S OF
FIVE functions of management (Fayol)
Posted by: Vincent van Vliet in Management, Theories and methods 23 June 2014 2,657 Views
At the beginning of the last century (1916) the French engineer Henri Fayol created the first principles of the classical
management theory. Fayol is classified as the founding father of for example the line and staff organization.
Based on his experience as a successful director or a mining company, he developed several theories that are still relevant today. At the time, managers had no formal training. However, the increasing complexity of organizations created a need for professional management.
Five functions of management
Fayol gained world-wide fame for his 14 general principles of management. He distinguished six general activities for industrial enterprises: technical, commercial, financial, security, accounting and managerial. He defined five functions of management for the management component and these are still seen as relevant to organizations today. These five functions focus on the relationship between personnel and its management and they provide points of reference so that problems can be solved in a creative manner.
Planning is looking ahead. According to
Fayol, drawing up a good plan of action is
the hardest of the five functions of
management. This requires an active
participation of the entire organization.
With respect to time and implementation,
planning must be linked to and
coordinated on different levels. Planning
must take the organization’s available
resources and flexibility of personnel into
consideration as this will guarantee
An organization can only function well if it is
well-organized. This means that there must
be sufficient capital, staff and raw materials
so that the organization can run smoothly
and that it can build a good working
structure. The organizational structure with
a good division of functions and tasks is of
crucial importance. When the number of
functions increases, the organization will
expand both horizontally and vertically. This
requires a different type of leadership.
Organizing is an important function of the
five functions of management.
When given orders and clear working
instructions, employees will know exactly
what is required of them. Return from all
employees will be optimized if they are
given concrete instructions with respect
to the activities that must be carried out
by them. Successful managers have
integrity, communicate clearly and base
their decisions on regular audits. They
are capable of motivating a team and
encouraging employees to take initiative.
When all activities are harmonized, the
organization will function better. Positive
influencing of employees’...
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