Help: Bone Fracture and Bones

Powerful Essays
Mariana McAlpine 12/8/12
446-01 Mrs.Corrado

Case Study – Packet 4

1. What is meant by a “complete, comminuted, intertrochanteric fracture of the right hip? a. A complete fracture is when the entire bone impacted is fractured. A comminuted fracture is when the bone breaks shatters into many pieces. Intertrochanteric refers to the top part of the femur. So, a complete, comminuted intertrochanteric fracture is the upper most part of the femur is completely shattered. A comminuted fracture is common in older people, so this fracture is normal for someone Margaret’s age. (Marieb, Elaine N.R., Ph.D. “5/The Skeletal System.” Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. San Francisco: Pearson Education, 2006/ 137. Print.) 2. Draw a picture of what you think Margaret’s fractured femur looks like b.

3. The radiologist reports signs of osteoporosis. How is osteoporotic bone different from regular bone? c. Osteoporotic bone differs from regular bone because it has a lower bone mass and a loss of bone tissue, which can lead to weak, fragile bones. Osteoporosis is known to affect elderly women more often than men. Since our bones stop gaining density at the age of 25, it is important to continue to build strong bones after that time. Compared to regular bones, osteoporotic bones look thinner and have bigger pores. (Shiel, William C., JR. “Osteoporosis Picture Slideshow: Are Your Bones At Risk?” Www.MedicineNet.com. MedicineNet, Inc 1996-2012. Web.) 4. Why do bones become osteoporotic in some people? (What, specifically, is happening in the bones themselves?) d. Bones become osteoporotic in some people because the bone density stops forming. At a certain age, bones stop evolving. At that point, it is important to exercise and consume all the vital vitamins our body needs to remain strong. When bones begin to lose their density, there is a chance of osteoporosis occurring. When bones become osteoporotic,

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