Parenting techniques or methods of raising children have evolved over history. In the last 30 years the scientific and medical communities have put parenting and its effects under a microscope. Parenting extremes from overprotective to “maladaptive” or neglectful parents represent the opposite ends of the parenting spectrum. Studies reveal that overprotective parenting or as it are more commonly known “helicopter parenting”, are a serious burden on today’s society. This problem has reached an all time high within the last 5-10 years (Gibbs 2). These hovering parents have been linked to social development problems, psychological illness, and in later life heart problems, criminal behavior, and attempted suicide. Overprotective parenting is detrimental to both the child and society.
While not fully understood, this movement of highly sheltered children has some effects the scientific community can predict. Many studies have been conducted that demonstrate the link between how an individual was parented during childhood and challenges they faced later in life. Documented studies show a correlation between parenting style and mental health (Lieb2). Criminal behavior, depression, anxiety disorders, and social problems have been linked to parenting style (Hodgins, Bronson, Johnson, Springer, Gibbs). Additionally a correlation between parenting style and health problems, such as heart disease, exist (Springer 1). In Sweden, Doctors Sheilagh Hodgins, Lynn Kratzer, and Thomas McNeil conducted a study trying to see the affects of obstetric complications (1). Through the course of this study lines were drawn connecting parenting and how it affects whether that child will be violent or show criminal behavior in later life(1). Almost 20% of both men and women that were criminal offenders experienced less than stellar parenting (Hodgins 6). Parenting was directly linked to the risk of offending more than once for a particular