2 September 2014 History and culture of the Hebrew Almost everything we know about the Hebrews comes from the bible. The word bible means book originally from the Greeks named for the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos. In Hebrew history they have been led by Abraham and descend with Jacob 's group into Egypt, emerging years later as one nation looking for freedom and the Promised Land. Later on they had three kings who were able to build them a temple which then got destroyed. The destruction of the temple led to years in exile, the Diaspora.
History stated the Hebrew were originally tribes from Mesopotamia. They abandoned the polytheism of the ancient world. The tribes called by their neighbors: Hebrews: originated in Sumer. 1350 B.C.E., they develop a belief in worshipping a single, God requiring obedience to divine laws of right and conduct. They also discovered the first written code of law under Hammurabi.. God revealed to Abraham that his descendants would inhabit that land to become a great nation. The Hebrews migrated to Egypt, where later became enslaved. Later they were freed from slavery around 1300 B.C.E., Moses a leader chosen by God leads them out of Egypt and back toward Canaan, through the Red Sea and into the Sinai Peninsula. On Mount Sinai Moses met Yahweh and was revealed the essence of the covenant in a set of the 10 commandments, which define the proper relationship between God and the faithful, and among all members of the Hebrew community. Start the periods of the monarchy Three Hebrew kings; Saul, David, and Solomon shaped Canaan constructed the first great Hebrew state. It contained the Ark of the Covenant, and was the only place where certain rites could be carried out. Around 920 B.C.E., after the death of King Salomon, the kingdom fell apart and the realm split into two kingdoms.
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