Hearing Loss Informative Outline
Attention getter: Has anyone told them they couldn’t do something due to a physical disability? Statement of topic: Today, I am going to talk about hearing loss. Establish importance of topic: I chose this topic because….. Preview statement: I am going to tell you about hearing loss, what types there are, what causes it, and what treatments or interventions are available. Transition: A lot of people assume there is only one type of hearing loss, but what they don’t know is there are several types of hearing loss. 1. There are four types of hearing loss.
a. Conductive: Sound levels are reduced, making it difficult to hear faint sounds. b. Sensorineural: Sound levels are reduced, making it difficult not only to hear faint sounds, but also to hear clearly and to understand speech. c. Mixed: Combines the elements of both conductive and Sensorineural hearing loss. d. Central: Difficulty hearing when there is background noise. Also, difficulty localizing sounds, following directions, and paying attention. People with CAPD usually have normal hearing when taking traditional hearing tests, but they are unable to process speech effectively in everyday situations (classrooms, workplaces, community gatherings, etc.) according to National Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, www.ndid.com last updated in 2011. Transition: So I told you the four types of hearing loss, now I will tell you the cause(s) of each. 2. There are many biological and environmental factors that can cause hearing loss. a. Conductive hearing loss is caused by a buildup of fluid in the middle ear, wax in the ear canal, puncture of the eardrum, or injuries to the bones or membranes that impede sound conduction. b. According to About Deafness, deafness.about.com last updated in 2008, Sensorineural is caused by damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve associated with birth injuries, toxic drugs, exposure to loud noises, infection or other diseases, genetic...
Bibliography: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Hearing loss team. (2012, July 16). Hearing Loss. Retrieved October 30, 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov
Berke, Jamie. (2008, November 15). What are the Causes of Hearing Loss. Retrieved October 30, 2013 from http://www.about.com/cs/earbasics/f/causes.htm
National Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Services. (2008, September 11). Hearing, Ear Infections, and Deafness. Retrieved October 30, 2013 from http://ndcd.gov/health/hearing
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