Health & Social Care, Legislation P2 & M1

Topics: Occupational safety and health, Food safety, Royal Assent Pages: 9 (2997 words) Published: December 4, 2013
How legislation, policies and procedures influence and promote the safety of individuals in health and social care settings.

In this assignment I will be outlining how legislation, policies and procedures relate to health, safety and security and how they influence different health and social care settings. I am also going to analyse the consequences of breaking the law or disobeying policies by including examples of a variety of appropriate policies and procedures for a working practise within the health and social care environment. How does law become law?

Laws are rules that must be obeyed by every UK citizen. In a democracy like the UK nobody is above the law and everybody must abide by them or face the consequences of punishment; possibly imprisonment. A proposed new law is called a bill. Bills have to be agreed by both houses; The House of Lords and The Houses of Parliament. They also have to then receive the Royal Assent from the Queen before they can become acts of Parliament which then make UK official law. The bill is introduced by a First Reading. This is an official notice that a Bill is going to be planned and discussed by MP’S. Afterwards is the Second Reading. At this stage the philosophies are considered on the floor of the House.

The Bill is then sent to be looked at by a small collection of MP’s who examine and analyse the bill in critical detail. Then at the third reading the bill is deliberated and there is a vote. If the Government has a majority the Bill is then passed onto the House of Lords. Once the Bill has successfully passed through both Houses it is then sent to the Queen for the Royal Assent. Once it has Royal Assent the bill becomes an Act of Parliament. The Queen has given the Royal Assent to approximately 3135 Acts of Parliament.

Why do we have law?
Laws are a type of rule which is put in place to govern behaviour between citizens and keep the peace. Many organisations use rules to govern behaviour between people. Families have house rules about doing different chores or keeping the house tidy. Schools have rules about completing homework on time and class rules. Rules are inevitable in any part of organised social interaction and rules are particularly important and necessary to be followed in any health and social care setting. Regulations and rules are put in place to be followed for the service user, staff and any individuals visiting the organisations to look after their health, safety and security they are there to protect and promote an individual’s rights also. Laws are also put into place to protect vulnerable people, such as the Data Protection Act 1998 was put into place to securely protect an individual’s information and for it to be only be seen by the correct professional people such as doctors and the individual him/herself. If a particular person has a mental illness if they’re information is not correctly stored away somebody could misuse that information and it could potentially lead to abuse. Summary of Legislation’s

Regulations under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Since the start of the health and safety at work act (generally known as HASAWA) were first passed extra rules have been added as time has moved on, these regulations include Manual handling operations regulations 1992

Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations (RIDDOR) 1995 Control of substances hazardous to health regulations (COSHH) 2002 Food safety act 1990
Food safety (food preparation) regulation 1995
Data protection act 1998
Fire precautions regulations 1997
Food safety (Food preparation) Regulation 1995
Anyone who handles food or whose actions could affect safety must follow these regulations. The food safety (food preparation) regulation 1995 aims to prevent cases of food poisoning by: Food areas are kept clean and good standards of personal hygiene are maintained Food is cooked thoroughly

Foods are kept at the correct temperature...

References: Safety Advice Centre, Fire Emergency Evacuation Plan or Fire Procedure, http://www.firesafe.org.uk/fire-emergency-evacuation-plan-or-fire-procedure/ Date & Author – Unknown
Project Britain, British Life & Culture, http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/government/laws.htm, Author – Mandy Barrow, Date – Unknown
UK Law Online, Laws & The Legal System, http://www.leeds.ac.uk/law/hamlyn/legsys.htm, Date & Author - Unknown
bizmanualz, Policies, Procedures & Processes, http://www.bizmanualz.com/blog/whats-the-difference-between-policies-and-procedures.htm, Author – Chris Anderson, Date – 26th April 2005
Royal Assent, http://www.parliament.uk/about/how/laws/passage-bill/lords/lrds-royal-assent/
HSE, Health and Safety Executive, Five steps to risk assessment, http://www.hse.gov.uk/risk/fivesteps.htm, Date & Author – Unknown
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