Health Promotion and Protection

Topics: Nursing, Health, Health care Pages: 4 (1347 words) Published: September 25, 2011

The Role of the Professional Nurse in Health
Promotion and Protection in Communities
University of Missouri, St. Louis

Introduction: Health Promotion and Health Protection Defined
There are many different definitions of health promotion and protection and all of them sound fairly similar. Pender (2006) describes health promotion as a behavior motivated by the desire to increase well being and actualize human health potential and describes health protection as behavior motivated by the desire to actively avoid illness, detect it early, or maintain functioning within the constraints of illness. Using these definitions makes it simple to tell the difference between the two: it is all about the motivation behind the behavior. The purpose of this paper is to describe the role of the professional nurse in health promotion and protection in a community. Community Defined

To understand the role of the nurse in a community we first have to understand what a community is. A community can be used in various context and have many different meanings depending on the frame of reference. Edelman and Mandle (2006) quote the same definition used by Healthy People 2010: “A specific group of people, often living in a defined geographical area, who share a common culture, values, and norms and who arranged in a social structure according to relationships that community has developed over a period of time” (pp. 179). Plainly stated this means a community is any group or population of people that are bonded together by some common denominator. The Role of the Professional Nurse

A nurse can serve many different functions when it comes to health promotion and protection. When discussed, health promotion and protection are usually paired together although the concept of each is a little different. Health protection is something that people engage in on an individual basis to protect their health due to there own...

References: American Heart Association. (2009). ABCs of preventing heart disease. Retrieved on July 1,
2009 from
Department of Health and Senior Services. (2008). Leading cause of death profile for
Franklin County residents
Pender, N.J., Murdaugh, C. L., & Parsons, M.A., (2006). Health promotion in nursing practice.
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J., (2008). Public health nursing: population-centered health care in
the community
Whitehead, D., (2004). Health promoting hospitals: The role and function of nursing.
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