Top-Rated Free Essay

Health Promotion

Good Essays
Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION
Health Promotion in Nursing
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health promotion “enables people to improve control over the determinants of health and as a result to improve their own health, and able to make healthy choice” (Denise and Suzanne, p. 87). Historically, health promotion deal with protecting society from contagious disease, such as to providing safe water and reduce environments hazards, and treat of preventable disease rather than preventing them. Conversely, the contemporary health promotion is aimed to increase the society’s awareness of healthy prevention, improve their quality of life and reduce health care budget. Health promotion range from smoking cessation to diagnostic and screening test, injury prevention, and chronic diseases management. There are three levels of prevention can be applied to health promotion, which are primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary prevention is cheapest method to prevent disease or injury by increase the health awareness of individuals, families and society, an example of primary prevention is smoking cessation. Secondary prevention is to take diagnostic testing or screening in order to treat disease at the early stage if needed, such as diabetes, Pap smear test, mammogram screening and colonoscopy. Tertiary prevention actually is to treat disease has already been detected and prevent recurrence of condition. This paper will discuss the purpose of health promotion, and the role of nursing in health promotion process.
The purpose of health promotion is to increase public health awareness and wellbeing; decrease preventable illness and health budget. One of the most preventable disease such as diabetes, it is relevant costly. According to American Diabetes Association estimated annual cost of Diabetes at $245 billion (American Diabetes Association, 2013). The risk factors are genetics, excess weight, ethnicity, age, hypertension and hyperchloremia, ect. Prolonged hyperglycemia can affect the function of individual’s vascular, nerve system and major organs, such as heart, renal as well as slow healing process. Diabetes can be prevented through a healthy lifestyle, such as healthy food choice, participate in physical activates regularly and weight loss or maintain healthy weight will defiantly reduce the chance of get diabetes. Diabetes is an example of all three level of health prevention. Primary prevention is to make the public to aware the disease and prevent it happening. Diabetes’s risk factors are the indicator to all individual, and one is responsible for their own health to lower blood lipids and reduce consumption of fatty food and saturated fats, weight loss and regular exercise, ect. As mentioned above, secondary prevention is to detect a disease at an early stage. Therefore, individual who has more than 3 risk factors should be encouraged to take diagnostic test periodically, the early intervention can be implemented before it causes health problems if disease has diagnosed. Tertiary prevention is to impede further damage that has resulted from a serious disease or injury. It can also be applied to diabetes, individuals who developed complications need to be monitored and also trained to manage the condition to slow the disease process. Medication compliance and diet control are very important in managing diabetes. In addition, emotional and social support needs to be considered as well in the assessment phase, because client may unable to accept the fact that the disease has been detected. Family and caregiver need to be involved in the care to support client especially in the transition phase. To promote health in this stage, comprehensive information regarding this disease need to be discussed with client and his or her needs and preferences need to be respected and included in the plan of care.
Nurses work in diverse health care settings, such as in schools, hospitals, communities and as the front line, which provides us the great opportunities to promote health to all level of population. There are many factors affecting one’s health, such as physical, psychosocial, economic status and educational level. Generally speaking, individuals with higher educational and income are more vulnerable to accept health messages. Individuals with low income and less social support may have limitation on health prevention and positive lifestyle changing. As the front line of health professional, we need to fully understand individual’s health needs, and aware the barriers to implement health promotion. Assessment always comes first in nursing process, physical examination is not the only aspect we should look at, environment, social and community support, emotional, culture and learning readiness are also impact on individual’s perspective toward health promotion and health decision making. It is also necessary for all medical personal to assess individual’s culture, beliefs and past experience on health promotion. Those elements are as well as influence individual’s attitude and action towards health promotion. Understanding one’s view of health promotion and disease prevention helps guide us to what information the client will need. Therapeutic communication is important during the assessment, open-ended question approach will allow patient to fully express their concerns and challenges. A good initial assessment will facilitate nurses to develop the plan of care easily, and allow nurses to pick the right method to ensure the information is clearly delivered to clients.

References
American Diabetes Association (2013). American Diabetes Association Releases New Research Estimating Annual Cost of Diabetes at $245 billion. Retrieved 3/7/2013, from http://www.diabetes.org/
Bennett, C., Perry, J., & Lawrence, Z. (2009). Promoting health in primary care. Nursing Standard, 23.47, 48-56.
Denise, F., Suzanne, G., & Chris, R. (2010). Health Promotion and Secondary Prevention. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 21, 86-91.

References: American Diabetes Association (2013). American Diabetes Association Releases New Research Estimating Annual Cost of Diabetes at $245 billion. Retrieved 3/7/2013, from http://www.diabetes.org/ Bennett, C., Perry, J., & Lawrence, Z. (2009). Promoting health in primary care. Nursing Standard, 23.47, 48-56. Denise, F., Suzanne, G., & Chris, R. (2010). Health Promotion and Secondary Prevention. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 21, 86-91.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 2245 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Health Promotion (Molly) This is an essay about a thirty year old woman called Molly who is a little bit anaemic, recently gave birth to her second born called Sebastian. Molly leaves with her husband called James and their three year old baby called Eric. The purpose and aim of this essay is to define health and health promotion, a brief discussion about Molly’s anaemic. The key concepts in this essay will be defined such as health and health promotion. A rational for my plan will also be discussed…

    • 2245 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 2106 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Critically outline and discuss Irish health promotion policies. Health is an important factor in all human beings lives; it is what determines the lifestyles we will be able to achieve, the standard of living we will achieve along with many more factors. Therefore it is vital that we understand our health system and the strategies used to benefit our well-being. That is why our health systems throughout the years have changed and adapted, to allow them to adequately deal with the public’s…

    • 2106 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 2192 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Health Promotion Health Promotion has been defined by the World Health Organisation 2005 Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion as, “the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and is determent, and thereby improving their health.” The early years setting I work at is geographically set in a community first area had has high levels of poverty and unemployment. I decided to promote tooth brushing with the children whilst working in partnership with the Designed to Smile…

    • 2192 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 333 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Throughout history public health effort has been directed to the control of transmissible diseases, reduction of environmental hazards, and provision of safe drinking water. The Greeks believed that ill health developed from an imbalance between man and his environment, not unlike contemporary public health theories of multifactorial disease causations, in which environment plays a prominent role (pg 5). In the middle ages (AD 500-1500), epidemics of infectious disease spurred collective activities…

    • 333 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 1165 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Health Promotion The field of healthcare has been changing continuously. Healthcare was once viewed as the treatment and curing of diseases and illnesses. Currently, healthcare has begun to focus on preventing diseases and educating people about healthy lifestyles so that diseases do not have a chance to progress. This type of healthcare is known as Health Promotion. Health promotion encourages better health in communities through the collaboration between the community and the healthcare…

    • 1165 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 985 Words
    • 4 Pages

    awareness in regards to their health and well-being. Nursing care is aimed towards all aspects of health care including prevention as well as treatment of disease. Prevention has become a major focus in the nursing industry and health promotion is an important responsibility of nurses. This paper will discuss how health promotion is defined and what purpose is serves in the nursing profession. It will review the evolving nursing roles and different ways to implement health promotion, as well as cover the…

    • 985 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Health promotion

    • 3325 Words
    • 10 Pages

    in relation to health and sickness. Not one person on earth is absolutely healthy or totally sick. The perception of health differs from one and another. According to World Health Organization (WHO) (1948), health is “… a state completes physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity…” In globalization era now, the healthy lifestyle of people also change. Health promotion is being introduced to create best solutions in improving the health quality among…

    • 3325 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 1944 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Health Promotion Principles within Health and Social Care The purpose of the study was to evaluate and validate the application of health promotion within the workplace. The following pages will focus on health and social care workers in promoting the oral health of individuals in their care. The study will also address policies relating to health promotion and public health. The concept of health is complex, therefore health promotion…

    • 1944 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 1089 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Head: Health Promotion Health Promotion October 14, 2011 Health promotion, as defined by Edelman and Mandle, is “the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health”. It is a multifaceted approach to encouraging a lifestyle change among individuals as well as the community. An important aspect of health promotion is health education. One of the main responsibilities of a nurse is to provide health teaching and health promotion…

    • 1089 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Health Promotion

    • 683 Words
    • 3 Pages

    cultures, provides a challenge for nurses when it comes to delivering meaningful health promotion and illness prevention-based education. How do teaching principles, varied learning styles (for both nurses and patients), and teaching methodologies impact the approach to education? How do health care providers overcome differing points of view regarding health promotion and disease prevention? Provide an example. Health education is any combination and measures of strategic learning skills established…

    • 683 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays