Health Issues Affecting Canada's Indigenous Population

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MacMillan, H. L., MacMillan, A. B., Offord, D. R., & Dingle, J. L. (1996). Aboriginal health. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 155(11), 1569–1578. This article highlights the variation between the overall health of Canada’s indigenous population as compared to the health of the non-native population. The data used for this research was extracted from research studies and compiled to provide health care workers with a greater awareness of the health issues affecting Canada’s native people in hopes of developing methods to help address these issues and improve the health of the native population. A close examination of several contributing factors were taken into consideration for this study including: socioeconomic status, nutrition, …show more content…
(2011). Aboriginal income disparity in Canada. Canadian Public Policy / Analyse De Politiques, 37(1), 61-83. doi:10.3138/cpp.37.1.61. This article takes an in-depth look at the income disparity between Aboriginal versus non-Aboriginal workers in Canada. The data source for this research was information collected from the 1996, 2001, and 2006 Censuses of Canada. Not only do the authors compare earnings between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal workers as a whole, they also break it down into smaller categories to examine what other aspects within the Aboriginal population can influence economic disadvantage such as education, gender, age, marital status, household size, languages spoken, urban region, and ethnic identity. The findings show that although there is indeed a severe income disparity between Aboriginal people and British-origin persons in Canada, there is an overall trend toward this gap narrowing over …show more content…
A., Farquhar, J. W., & Mills, E. J. (2014). Years of life lost to incarceration: Inequities between aboriginal and non-aboriginal Canadians. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 585-585. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-585. Canada has seen a moderate increase in its federal and provincial prison populations over the past decade, however this increase has not been uniform across all racial groups. While the non-Aboriginal prison population has shown very little increase during this period, the number of Aboriginal inmates has skyrocketed. This research article analyzes the rates of incarceration between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians for both the provincial and federal correction systems and calculates the number of years of life lost to incarceration. The analysis concluded that male and female Aboriginals can expect to spend more time in custody than their non-Aboriginal counterparts in the provincial and federal prisons. Furthermore, this research indicated that an Aboriginal Canadian will lose substantially more years of life to incarceration than a non-Aboriginal

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