Health disparities

Topics: Health care, United States, Medicine Pages: 4 (1043 words) Published: February 26, 2014

Health Disparities Faced by African Americans and Mexican Americans Christie Rice
Nursing 410, 6851380
June 9, 2013 Abstract
Health disparities exist in the United States based on race, sex, age, disabilities, socioeconomic status and geographic location. A specific look at race will find many contributing factors. Mexican Americans and African Americans have large gaps of disparities when compared with Caucasians regarding hypertension. Closing this gap will require, access to healthcare, education and early detection. The nurses role to help relieve the disparities begins with educating the patient and identifying resources to assist the patient.

Health Disparities Faced by African Americans and Mexican Americans Health disparities is a term used if a health outcome is seen in a greater or lesser extent between populations. Factors contributing to health disparities include race, sex, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location. Health disparities can mean earlier deaths, decreased quality of life, and loss of economic opportunities(CDC). Healthy People 2010 goal was to eliminate health disparities and the 2020 goal was to achieve health equity, eliminate disparities and improve the health of all groups (Healthy People 2020). In the US, many gaps exist however the specific gap of interest will be based on race. Examine and compare factors that cause disparities in race. Strategies for improving health disparities include access to healthcare, education, and early screening and treatment. Nurses can help close the gap of disparities by educating patients and families regarding the importance of taking medication, keeping all doctor's appointments, and following diet and exercise plans. Health Disparities and Hypertension In a 2003-2010 study, the comparison was made between race and hypertension. Hypertension is...

References: 1. Health Disparities and Inequalities Report. Center of Disease Control and Prevention United states. 2011.
2. Health Disparities Experienced by Black or African American. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report January 14, 2005
3. Healthy People 2020.
4. Scarinci, Isabel, C., PHD, Strategies for Achieving Healthy Energy Balance Among African Americans in the Mississippi Delta, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama
5. WHO. World Health Organization 2012.
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