Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa

Satisfactory Essays
Health Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa
The recurrent binge-and-purge cycles of bulimia can affect the entire digestive system and can lead to electrolyte and chemical imbalances in the body that affect the heart and other major organ functions. Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include:
• Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviours.
• Potential for gastric rupture during periods of bingeing.
• Inflammation and possible rupture of the oesophagus from frequent vomiting.
• Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during frequent vomiting.
• Chronic irregular bowel movements and constipation as a result of laxative abuse.
• Peptic ulcers and pancreatitis

Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa
In anorexia nervosa’s cycle of self-starvation, the body is denied the essential nutrients it needs to function normally. Thus, the body is forced to slow down all of its processes to conserve energy, resulting in serious medical consequences:
• Abnormally slow heart rate and low blood pressure, which mean that the heart muscle is changing. The risk for heart failure rises as the heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower.
• Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones.
• Muscle loss and weakness.
• Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.
• Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness.
• Dry hair and skin; hair loss is common.
• Growth of a downy layer of hair called lanugo all over the body, including the face, in an effort to keep the body warm.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Running head: EATING DISORDERS Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa Table of Contents I. Eating Disorders : Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa 1. Title page…………………………………………………..1 2. Table of contents…………………………………………..2 3. Text…………..…………………………………………….3-11 4. Conclusion………………………………………………….12 5. References………………………………………………………13 a. Introduction b. Discussion c. Conclusion d. References In an effort to achieve social acceptance in our Western…

    • 2970 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Bulimia Nervosa vs. Anorexia Nervosa Jessica ENG 121 Instructor James Lange June 5, 2012 Bulimia Nervosa vs. Anorexia Nervosa “Going to extremes is what sets eating disorders apart from the occasional binge or even yo-yo dieting” (Suszynski, 2010) There are many disorders that can be detained in the human body. One of the most common disorders in the U.S.A is eating disorders. Two of the most common eating disorders are Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa. In spite of these two having…

    • 711 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Eating disorders: Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa Eating disorders are the new diseases that emerge in the last 20 years. People who have eating disorders often have an abnormal eating habit that affects their physical and mental health. Eating disorders attacks female more frequently. And most of the sufferers are between 12 to 25 years old. In general, people who are clever, charming, conscientious, and hardworking are more likely to develop eating disorders. Many factors can lead to eating…

    • 1077 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    My reaction to the various websites I found promoting anorexia and bulimia went from being disgusted to having a little sick interest. The human body, in all its forms, is compelling. In general, most of the sites I found had a few things in common with one site on pro anorexic and bulimic called "oOo…ana's underground grotto…oOo" that has everything: pictures to help keep your goal in mind, a chat room to find others like you and friends to diet/fast with, rituals to follow and help you stick to…

    • 1255 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Bulimia Nervosa

    • 412 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Qualley Health Eating Disorder Bulimia Nervosa What Are Eating Disorders? A person with an eating disorder may have started out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food than usual, but at some point, the urge to eat less or more spirals out of control. Eating disorders are very complex, and despite scientific research to understand them, behavioral and social understandings of these are still unknown. The two main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Eating…

    • 412 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Bulimia Nervosa

    • 627 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Bulimia Nervosa is an illness in which a person binges on food or has frequent episodes of overeating and feels a loss of control. In result the person uses different methods, such as vomiting or laxatives to prevent weight gain. Many people with bulimia also have anorexia nervosa. A bulimic person can consume as much as 3,400 calories in about an hour, and as much as 20,000 calories in eight hours. People with bulimia know they have a problem and are afraid of their lack of ability to stop eating…

    • 627 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anorexia Nervosa

    • 535 Words
    • 3 Pages

    detriment of an individual's physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are the most common specific forms in the United Kingdom.[1] Other types of eating disorders include binge eating disorder and eating disorder not otherwise specified. Bulimia nervosa is a disorder characterized by binge eating and purging. Purging can include self-induce vomiting, over-exercising, and the usage of diuretics, enemas, and laxatives. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by extreme food restriction…

    • 535 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia are two deadly disorders that haunt teenage men and women each year. Both conditions are emotional disorders in which have to do with fears of being overweight. Usually, young women are recipients of these plagues, but it isn't uncommon for young men to suffer from Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia. Studies show that between 5 and 18 percent of known victims die because of unhealthy eating disorders. Anorexia is a condition characterized by intense fear of gaining weight or…

    • 311 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Bulimia Nervosa

    • 1685 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Bulimia Nervosa [also known as Bulimia] is a very serious and dangerous eating disorder. The disorder can be describe as bingeing and then followed by purging or a person who eats a large amount of food in short periods of time and then vomits after eating to prevent on gaining the weight cause by the food. There is different ways of going about ways to prevent the weight gain, making oneself throw up, taking pills, or laxatives which will increase how fast the food will move through your body, exercising…

    • 1685 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Bulimia Nervosa

    • 999 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Bulimia nervosa is defined as two or more episodes of binge eating (rapid consumption of a large amount of food, up to 5,000 calories) every week for at least three months. The binges are sometimes followed by vomiting or purging and may alternate with compulsive exercise and fasting. The symptoms can develop at any age from early adolescence to 40, but usually become clinically serious in late adolescence. Bulimia is not as dangerous to health as anorexia, but it has many unpleasant physical…

    • 999 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays