Health Components

Topics: Exercise, Muscle, Adipose tissue Pages: 2 (927 words) Published: October 12, 2014
Task 1
To help you improve your overall physical fitness, produce an information sheet that describes one method of assessing the main components of fitness i.e. flexibility, strength, BMI, speed, power and aerobic and muscular endurance.

Flexibility- The range of movement possible at joints

The sit and reach test is a common measure of flexibility, and it specifically measures the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles. This test involves sitting on the floor with legs stretched out straight ahead. Shoes should be removed. The feet are placed flat against a box or a wall. Both knees should be locked and pressed flat to the floor. With the palms facing downwards, and the hands on top of each other or side by side, the subject reaches forward along the measuring line as far as possible. Ensure that the hands remain at the same level, not one reaching further forward than the other. After some practice reaches, the subject reaches out and holds that position for one-two seconds while the distance is recorded.

Strength- Defined as the amount of muscular force we can apply against a force

The handgrip test is a common way of measuring the subject’s strength. The subject holds the dynamometer in the hand to be tested, with the elbow side by side of the body. The handle of the dynamometer is adjusted if required, while the handle should rest on middle of four fingers. When ready the subject squeezes the dynamometer with maximum effort, which is maintained for about 5 seconds. No other body movement is allowed. The subject should be strongly encouraged to give a maximum effort.

Body composition- Measure of Fat, Bone & muscle in the human body

The Skinfold Calliper’s is a common way of measuring fat and muscle in the subject’s body. The procedure involves: Estimation of body fat by skinfold thickness measurement. The tester pinches the skin at the appropriate site to raise a double layer of skin, but not the...
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