Health Care Information Systems

Topics: Health care, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Health economics Pages: 5 (911 words) Published: August 11, 2013
Post Week 1 Health Care Information Systems Terms

HCS/483 Healthcare Information Systems - Week 1

Name:

Guidelines:
Please use this form to submit your assignment and NOT the one on the UOPX website.

Define the following terms. Your definitions must be in your own words; do not copy them from the textbook.

After you have defined each term in your own words, describe in at least 50 words the health care setting in which each term would be applied. Utilize a minimum of two research sources to support your claims—one from the University Library and the other from the textbook. Be sure to cite your sources in the References section consistent with APA guidelines. This assignment is due Week One.

1. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Definition: The federal legislation that includes provisions to protect patients’ health information from unauthorized disclosures

How Used in Healthcare

Any past current or future information about a patient and their medical conditions or treatment received are protected under this law. This includes sending and receiving electronic data between dr. offices. Information of this type is need to know only for physicians and nurses who are in direct care of the patient.

2. Electronic medical record

Definition
An electronic record of health-related information on an individual that can be managed clinicians and staff within one healthcare organization

How Used in Healthcare
Generally this is the records kept by the individuals PCP or Primary Care Provider, the physician’s office of their everyday doctor/hospital.

3. Electronic health record

Definition
A record of health related information on an individual that conforms to nationally recognized interoperability standards and that can be created, managed, and consulted by authorized clinicians and staff across more than one healthcare organization

How Used in Healthcare

This information is general health information on an individual that is necessary in case of an emergency and the patient is not able to get to their primary health provider or hospital. This instance can occur when and individual is on vacation and needs medical treatment.

4. Personal health record

Definition
A record of health related information on an individual that conforms to nationally recognized interoperability standards and that can be drawn from multiple sources while being managed, shared, and controlled by the individual.

How Used in Healthcare
This is the information in a health record that is controlled by the patient. Individuals can enter in results from lab tests, allergies, illnesses and hospitalizations, and medications and dosings into their own PHR.

5. Computerized provider order entry system

Definition
A computer application that accepts physician’s orders electronically, replacing hand written or verbal orders.

How Used in Healthcare
This system communicates to other doctors, nurses, and caregivers the information or instructions for a patient under one doctor’s care.

6. Unique patient identifier

Definition
The value assigned to an individual to facilitate positive identification of that individual for healthcare purposes. Unique Patient Identifier is the value permanently assigned to an individual for identification purposes and is unique across the entire national healthcare system

How Used in Healthcare
Unique patient identifiers help maintain the security an individual needs so that personal health and medical information is not shared with other. The patients are given a numerical...

References: Wager, K. A., Lee, F. W., & Glaser, J. P. (2009). Health care information systems, a practical approach for health care management. (2nd ed.). Jossey-Bass Inc Pub.
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