Health Care Costs

Topics: Sociology, Health care, Health insurance Pages: 2 (616 words) Published: June 23, 2013
There are a number of driving forces behind the continual rising health care spending. One factor is the amount of health care costs spent on treating and hospitalizing those with chronic illnesses. Another factor that is regularly debated is the cost of prescription drugs and new technology used to treat patients. Other factors include administrative costs and treating the elderly. Social change, in sociology, the alteration of mechanisms within the social structure, characterized by changes in cultural symbols, rules of behavior, social organizations, or value systems. Throughout the historical development of their discipline, sociologists have borrowed models of social change from other academic fields. In the late 19th century, when evolution became the predominant model for understanding biological change, ideas of social change took on an evolutionary cast, and, though other models have refined modern notions of social change, evolution persists as an underlying principle. Other sociological models created analogies between social change and the Wests technological progress. In the mid-20th century, anthropologists borrowed from the linguistic theory of structuralism to elaborate an approach to social change called structural functionalism. This theory postulated the existence of certain basic institutions (including kinship relations and division of labor) that determine social behavior. Because of their interrelated nature, a change in one institution will affect other institutions. Various theoretical schools emphasize different aspects of change. Marxist theory suggests that changes in modes of production can lead to changes in class systems, which can prompt other new forms of change or incite class conflict. A different view is conflict theory, which operates on a broad base that includes all institutions. The focus is not only on the purely divisive aspects of conflict, because conflict, while inevitable, also brings about changes that promote social...
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