Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in health and social care
Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm..
Physical abuse includes... * Hitting / slapping / kicking * Pushing * Pinching * Force feeding * Burning / scalding * Misuse of medication or restraint * Catheterisation for the convenience of staff * Refusing access to toilet facilities * Leaving people in wet or soiled clothing or bedding
Signs and symptoms of physical abuse... * Multiple bruising or finger marks * Fractures/dislocations * Scratches or cuts * Pressure sores * Black eyes or bruised ears * Scalds or cigarette burns * A history of unexplained minor falls or injuries.
Sexual abuse is the forcing or undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. It can involve abuse of a position or power. For some adults, informed consent to any sexual activity is not possible because of a limited capacity to understand its meaning.
Sexual abuse includes... * Rape and sexual assault * Masturbation * Indecent exposure * Penetration or attempted penetration or intimate areas * Sexual harassment * Involving a vulnerable adult in pornography * Enforced witnessing of sexual acts or sexual media * Participation in sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could not consent, or was pressured into consenting.
Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse... * Refusal to undress for activities such as swimming/ bathing * Showing unusual fear of a certain place or location * Developing frequent unexplained health problems * Indicating a sudden reluctance to be alone with a certain person
Emotional and psychological abuse includes a range or non-physical controlling behaviours that cause emotional