Person centered practice is providing care and needs which centers on the client. Its a way of caring for person as an individual and putting them and their families at the heart of all decisions. They are recognized as individuals with their own personality, likes and dislikes who has individual beliefs and preferences. Person centered practice put value to the independence, privacy, partnership, choice, dignity, respect and rights of the client 1.2
There are several different approaches or styles of person centered planning. Each style is Based on the same principles of person centered planning: all start with who the person is and end with specific actions to be taken. They differ in the way in which information is gathered and whether emphasis is on the detail of day to day life, or on dreaming and longer term plans for the future. It is not possible to provide detailed descriptions and The common planning styles include Essential Lifestyle Planning, PATH and MAPS and Personal Futures Planning.
Each planning style combines a number of elements: a series of questions for getting to understand the person and her situation; a particular process for engaging people, bringing their contributions together and making decisions; and a distinctive role for the facilitator(s).
PATH and MAPs focus strongly on a desirable future or dream and what it would take to move closer to that .Essential Lifestyle Planning and Personal Futures Planning gather information under more specific headings. Particular Sections - such as the section in Essential Lifestyle Planning on how the person communicates and the section in Personal Futures Planning on local community resources - ensure that someone gathers together what is known and records this information so that everyone can use it.
A skilled and experienced facilitator can adapt any style to cover all the areas in a person's life. People may need to focus on different areas of their lives at different times, and therefore use one planning style at one time and another at another time. We need to learn what is important to people on a day to day basis and about the future they desire. Sometimes it is important to learn about the day to day issues first, and then move on the learning about a desirable future. In other situations we need to hear about peoples dreams, and later learn about what it is important on a day to day basis. In considering what style to use facilitators need to consider the context and resources
available to the person.
Whether the person has a team to support him/ her, or lots of friends and neighbours who want to get involved. This circle of support can influence the decision about which planning
style to use. If the person has a team who do not know him/ her very well, then starting with a planning style which invests a lot of time in really getting to know the person, for example Essential Lifestyle Planning or Personal Futures Planning, could be a useful place to begin. If the person has family and friends or a circle who know and love him/ her, then starting with dreams through PATH or Maps is useful.
The national minimum standards for adult placement schemes are explicit in focusing on the individual. They state that regulators should look for evidence of positive outcomes for individuals, including active participation, consistent with principles of rights, independence, choice and inclusion. This should include evidence of meeting the service users' assessed and changing needs, and requires local authorities to be person-centred rather than service-centred. The model of adult placement places some curbs on the idea of pursuing an individual's 'dream' or supporting the person to do what they want, putting it at odds with the principles of person-centred planning. It can be extremely difficult to get the balance right for everyone, as in reality anyone living in a family must respect family members and family rules. This may...
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