health and social care

Topics: Obesity, Nutrition, Bulimia nervosa Pages: 11 (3470 words) Published: October 19, 2014
3.1 discuss the factors that can impact on an individual’s quality of life (1000) Quality of life is a personal opinion as what one person feels is an adequate standard of living may be greatly different to another persons. As quality of life doesn’t just refer to the physical but to psychological factors affecting people this again is another reason why quality of life cannot be measured. This is due to the fact that differing emotional states of mind will allow one person to deal with issues more effectively than someone else. Physical factors affecting a person’s quality of life surround physical health, when a person is feeling well and free from pain other issues in their life are easier to deal with. The physical factors are nutrition, exercise, comfort, safety and hygiene. Nutrition and eating a balanced diet is vital to a person’s wellbeing. If someone has inadequate food they will not receive the right amounts of vitamins and minerals needed for growth, everyday activities and keeping the body’s defences against illness working. This is the same if a person has an unhealthy diet, but the added issue that could arise from this, is that the person could end up very over weight and suffering from obesity related illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease or arthritis. Exercise is the second physical factor that can affect quality of life. It is commonly known that exercise releases endorphins which can aid the feeling of wellbeing, therefore helping a person to cope with life in general. Exercising reduces the chances of getting some diseases such as Cancer and can lower your blood pressure. Research has shown that arthritis suffers who exercise for at least two hours a week are more able to handle their pain, carry out their daily activities. Comfort, safety and hygiene are in a category together as they complement each other and come hand in hand. They refer to a variety of aspects such as being pain free, not being hungry, being too hot or cold, having a clean place to live, with kitchen and bathroom facilities fit for use without risk of food poisoning, feeling safe within their environment, for babies ensuring that their nappy is changed regularly so that they don’t become sore, ensuring noise levels are not disturbing sleep or are too loud causing agitation. Any of these things alone could greatly affect quality of life but due to socioeconomic factors it is likely that some people will experience a number of the factors above. The physiological factors affecting quality of life are the things that influence the way a person is feeling about themselves and can affect their confidence and self esteem. These include work opportunities, communication, freedom to make life choices and dignified and private care in a confidential environment. Work affects quality of life both positively and negatively depending on the circumstances. If a person feels that they are well paid, are respected within the work environment, have good working conditions and feel fulfilled, then this will enhance their quality of life as it will boost their self confidence and going to work will not be a chore. However if a person feels that they are expected to do long hours for minimum wage, in unpleasant or stressful situations and do not feel that they are respected within their job, this can make them feel under-valued and cause depression or make the person not want to attend work and in turn lowering the persons quality of life. Having opportunities to communicate with others is very important as if a person feels isolated from their wider community this can really affect their self esteem and could cause depression. This can be particularly problematic for the elderly or infirm who tend to be house bound, sometimes the only interaction they may receive is from home carers or medical staff. As carers it is very important to remember this and ensure that during calls the client gets the chance to talk and communicate any issues or...

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