health and social care

Topics: Occupational safety and health, Safety, Risk Pages: 27 (6334 words) Published: September 18, 2014

Health and Safety in the Health and Social Care Workplace

Student Name:


Health and Safety

This essay will show an understanding of how health and safety legislation is implemented in the workplace and its impact on customers and the work of practitioners. I will do this by; analysing health and safety priorities and risk assessments, discussing the encountering of dilemma’s in the workplace and by analysing the effects of non-compliance and a positive health and safety culture. This essay will also demonstrate an understanding of monitoring and reviewing health and safety within an organisation and will analyse the effectiveness of health and safety policies and evaluate my own contribution to the workplace. I will be using case studies to reflect my observations as well as pictures, diagrams and charts.

Task 1:1
Legislation such as; Health & Safety at Works Act 1974, Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981, Management of Health & Safety Regulations 1999, RIDDOR 1995, COSHH 2002, Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, Food Safety Act 1990, Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995, Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, Health and Social Care Act 2008, Care Standards Act 2000, Mental Health Act 2007, Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and the Children Act 2004 are in place to ensure all aspects of the Health care industry are protected. Policy systems are developed in order to up-hold the legal requirements of such legislation which ensures the safe and effective running of an organisation for all involved and a breech in them can lead to prosecution as in the case of Sue Ryder Care, who were fined £65.000 for failing to install the correct size bedrail which led to a fatality due to the service user becoming trapped and was unable to breathe (HSE, 2001). In light of the given case study from Mid Staffordshire combined NHS Trust it is clear that there was a breakdown in implementing aspects of these legislations and regulations, possibly due to poor communication in the workplace. The notice board is an effective means to communicate vital Health and Safety Legislatives and Regulatory information. Employers liability insurance certificate, details of first-aid arrangements, emergency evacuation and fire procedures, Health and safety poster’s and employee hand books, policy manuals and H & S procedures should be clearly displayed on each ward notice board. Communicating health and safety to employees is important to meet the legal duty under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (HASAWA, 1974), to protect employees and service users from injuries. This communication could come by verbal means (although messages need to be short and simple and can become distorted through intonation or body language etc.) or by written means (message needs to be short and clear) or by using signs and symbols which are very effective as all countries in the EU have standard symbols to convey the same message therefore breaking down language barriers, this came into effect in 1996 with the Signpost to The Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals)Regulation. Below are some examples of some of these health and safety signs.

Source: Victory Graphics Art, 2014.

Signs and symbols such as these need to be placed in the appropriate places around the building in order to communicate risks or hazards. In order to manage corporate risk the new director needs to review the systems policies and procedures in the service. It would be advisable to incorporate all the systems policies in a single manual where they are easily accessible, this would enable better monitoring and controlling of risks. The director would need to appoint a responsible person for each system this would ensure effectiveness in implementing the health and safety policy. For example if a fire extinguisher is missing staff would know who to report...

References: Health and Safety Executive, (2013). Are you an employee, (Online) Available at: Accessed on 05/02/2014
Health and Safety Executive, (2013)
Health and Safety Executive (2011). Getting to grips with hoisting people. (Online) Available at: Accessed on 11/03/2014
Health and Safety Executive (2012)
Health and Safety Executive, (2012). How HSE enforces health and safety. (Online) Available at: Accessed on 05/02/2014
Health and Safety Executive, (2014)
NHS (2014). Care Planning – You will have a clear care plan. (Online) Available at: Accessed on 13/03/2014
Oxford Dictionary (2014)
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