Unit 3: Promoting Good Health Section A Illness and Disease
Illness is ‘a state of poor health’.’If a person has an illness they can experience a range of different symptoms, and tests may not always identify the cause as it could be just a cold or a cough. Illnesses identify a condition that exists which causes someone harm or pain. Also being ill usually requires the patient’s condition to be classified according to the medical knowledge and practise. If you’ve an illness then symptoms like coughs, sore throats, runny nose etc are all examples. Illnesses are usually just short term and last days maybe even a week or so. Illness also looks at the biomedical model of health as it focuses on the NHS and doctors/hospitals etc. It highlights the expertise of the medical profession. A disease is ‘an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism.’ Diseases can be long term and can even cause death. Individuals may have a disease but not show any symptoms, not feel ill and even have a disease without them realising. Examples of diseases can be cancer, cholera, tuberculosis etc. Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems; this shuts down the body. There are more than 100 different types of cancers. The different types of cancer are named from which organ the start in. For example cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer.
The key differences between illness and disease is that with and illness you tend to show symptoms, yet you can have a disease and show no symptoms. But you can also have a disease and still feel ill and run down at the same time. Positive View on Health
A positive view on health would be looking after yourself and meeting your necessities. You would take care of your needs and when ill would turn to a doctor for treatment so you’d become better. You would be preventing yourself from ill health. A positive view is seen as when people have a healthy diet by eating lots of different fruit and vegetables; gaining all the healthy different vitamins minerals. Therefore they would eat little processed foods. They would take responsibility of their selves and understand their own needs and limits. They would understand that having a drink is acceptable but they’d limit themselves to maintain healthy. They’d take part in regular exercise to maintain good physical health. They would listen to the medical profession and take the advice they’re given so then they’d be able to maximise the lifestyle to be as healthy as they can possibly make it. They would follow national guidelines and go for screenings/smear tests so then they’d keep checking up on their selves to reassure that they’re healthy and don’t have any problems such as Chlamydia and if it is the case that they do have Chlamydia then at least it has been identified so they’d then be able to listen to the medical profession and be treated. With a positive view on health people are able to deal with life situations and illnesses and overcome any problems.
Negative View on Health
This is where people see health as the absence of disease. People who have a negative view on health tend to take advantage of good health and ignore health advice. Therefore letting illness and disease get the better of them, and tend to feel low in their selves. They’d find a small problem but just see their selves as perfectly healthy and that it is probably just a phase that will pass. For example they see nagging symptoms such as a couch or cold too be not much trouble and ignore them which allows diseases such as Cancer, and Lung diseases to develop. For example they could get little headaches and migraines and just see them as something that will be fine if they just left them, yet this could be a start of cancer which has been developing for a while. Then they could...
http://www.kidneypatientguide.org.uk/site/specific.php- used for the information on kidney failures and disorders.
http://www.who.int/about/en/- used for the information about the World’s Health Organisation.
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer - Used for information about cancer.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disease- Used for definitions of disease.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illness – Used for definitions on illness.
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