Support Children and Young People's Health and Safety
This essay will provide knowledge and understanding of supporting children and young people's health and safety. In my placement there are many policies regarding health and safety when working with children. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Act 1999 and The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 require all schools to have policies and procedures to ensure the safety of staff and children. If the policies and procedures are not in place then it is a crime. A fine can be set and in some cases an arrest can be made when an employer has suffered damages caused by failure to set the correct policies and procedures.
In my setting there is a few ways that health and safety is monitored and maintained. One is the common Fire Drill. During a Fire Drill all pupils and members of staff should stop everything they are doing, at the sound of the alarm. Teacher/LSA's should collect the register quickly before getting the children to line up sensibly and quietly. The adult should then escort the children to the assigned safety area, for example, the playground. This is where you should take the register to make sure every child marked in, for that day, is present. Everyone should remain quiet and still, until given the all clear to re-enter the building.
The Fire Drill policy is made clear to anyone who enters the school building, as there are posters placed all over the school and more importantly there is a copy, of the poster, in every classroom. In the lower areas of the school the poster is placed lower down on the wall so the children are at eye level with it, enabling them to see it clearly. The children are made aware of the policy every term when they have a practise run of the Fire Drill. Also their allocated teacher will talk them through is at the beginning of every year as well as pointing out the poster, letting them know where it is.
Another way that health and safety is monitored, is through the 'Accident Book.' When a child is out to play, on the playground, where they fall and hurt themselves, they must go and see the teacher/LSA on duty are they are the health and safety officer (Mr/Mrs. First Aid) during that break time. The teacher should then record the accident in the accident book, which is located with the first aid materials, by the main entrance for the playground.
In my setting the accident book procedure changes during lunch time, due to there not being a teacher/LSA on duty. The dinner ladies have a schedule that they rotate every week. Following the health and safety regulations my placement have a dinner lady manning the hazardous areas, i.e. the steps and wall. The member of staff must keep the steps clear and keep the children off the walls, at all times, as these are the areas that they can hurt themselves, the most. In my setting, the dinner lady manning the steps is the first aider, so, when a child hurts themselves, they must record it, no matter how small and miniscule. When recording they need to go into detail, not just telling us the name of the child that got hurt. For example:- John Smith
Fell and banged head whilst playing football.
Given sick bowl and ice pack.
However it is not just the playground and outdoors that you need to be aware the risks of. There are risks in every aspect of working with children. When teaching and working in environments with children, you have to be aware of these risks when working with classroom items.
The most common risk is children working with scissors. They don't know how to use them correctly and safely. In my placement staff make the children familiar on how to use and carry scissors in the correct manor by showing them, before handing them out. For example, showing them that the correct way to carry scissors is to make a fist around the blades, that should be pointing to the floor. Another problem adults face when dealing with children who are working with...
Bibliography: Kamen. T (2003) Teaching Assistant 's Handbook
London: Hodder & Stoughton
Kamen. T (2012) Teaching Assistant 's Handbook Level 2: Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools
London: Hodder Education
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