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Topics: Bipolar disorder, Hypomania, Mania Pages: 4 (1157 words) Published: September 17, 2013
I. Bipolar Disorder
A. Definition
B. History
1. Origin
C. Society and culture
1. Prejudice
2. Social Stigma
II. Signs and Symptoms
A. Episodes
1. Maniac Episode
2. Depressive Episode
3. Hypomaniac episode
4. Mixed Affective Episode
III. Diagnosis
A. Subtypes
1, Bipolar I & II
2. Cyclothymic disorder
B. Treatment
1. Medications
2. Therapy

Bipolar disorder which is also known as the maniac depressive disorder, it is a brain condition that causes strange turns in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day to day tasks. Bipolar disorders are one of the oldest known psychological illnesses to a mankind. Research reveals some mention of the symptoms in early medical records. It was first noticed as far back as the second century,

His results went unnoticed and unsubstantiated until 1650, when a scientist names Richard Burton wrote a book, The Anatomy of Melancholia, which focused mainly on depression. His findings are still used today by many in the mental health field, and he is credited with being the father of depression. Francois Baillarger believed that there was a major distinction between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. He characterized the depressive classification from other mental disorders.

Films such as Mr.Jones (1995) in which a man goes from a manic episode to a depressive mood and back to normal again. The Mosquito Coast (1986) display some features including recklessness grandiosity, increased goal-directed activity and mood liability, as well as some paranoia. Television specials such as the “The Secret Life of Manic Depressive” and MTV’s True Life. People with bipolar disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in periods called “mood episodes”. People with bipolar disorder experience intense emotional states.

A manic episode is an overly joyful or overexcited state, while an extremely sad or hopeless state. The mood...

Cited: Jichong Chen, et al. “Neuropsychological Performance in Bipolar I, Bipolar II and Unipolar
Depression Patients: A Longitudinal, Naturalistic Study.” Journal of Affective Disorders
136.3 (2012):328-339. Academic Search Premier. Web 22 Mar. 2013
Yatham, Lakshmi. Bipolar Disorder: Clinical and Neurological Foundations. 1st. New
Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2010. 100-110 Print
Bauer, Mark. Overcoming Bipolar Disorder. 1st. California: New Harbinger Publishing Services,
2008. 195-213, Print.
Michael Escamilla,et al. “Genetic Structure of Personality Factors and Bipolar Disorder in
Families Segregating Bipolar Disorder.” Journal of Affective Disorders
136.3 (2012):328-339. Academic Search Premier. Web.
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