HCA 240 Week 2 Infectious Disease

Topics: AIDS, Immune system, HIV Pages: 5 (1000 words) Published: April 11, 2015

Infectious Disease
Victoria Jay
June 8, 2014
Natasha Brown
Infectious Disease
What is the inflammatory response? According to "Definition of Inflammatory Response" (1996-2014), it is “a fundamental type of response by the body to disease and injury, a response characterized by the classical signs of ‘dolor, calor, rubor, and tumor’ -- pain, heat (localized warmth), redness, and swelling.” A very important part of the body’s defense system is inflammation; this is when there is a crucial protective response by the body’s system of self-defense (Definition of Inflammatory Response, 1996-2014). Acute inflammation lasts only a few days, it is short-lived whereas chronic inflammation lasts longer; like weeks, months, and maybe even years. When the inflammatory process is involved in healing and repair it may cause tissue damage. Inflammation can play a role in many disorders; for example Alzheimer’s, asthma, diabetes, osteoporosis, and even HIV/AIDS.

According to U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2012), “More than 1.1 million people living in the United States are infected with HIV and almost 1 in 6 are unaware of their infection.” Gay and bisexual men of all races are affected by HIV the most. Those are a couple of statistics to think about. HIV stand for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV hinders the body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease by harming the immune system. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and it can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast-feeding (Mayo Clinic Staff, 1998-2014). This virus can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome also known as AIDS, but it can take years before the HIV weakens the immune system to where the person has AIDS. AIDS is a disease that will never go away. Once a person has it, they have it for life. It is a chronic condition and can threaten your life potentially. AIDS is very deadly and it is an epidemic. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS, but there are certain medications that can intensely slow the development of the disease. In many developed nations, these drugs have decreased the number of people who have died from AIDS. Africa, Haiti, and some parts of Asia still have HIV decimating their population. There are some environmental factors that may make some people vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Young people are more at risk of HIV because they become sexually active at a very young age and have more than one partner early in their life; between the ages 15-24. Some young people don’t use condoms often either. People who inject drugs are at a high risk of getting HIV through the use of tainted needles and syringes. When HIV enters into drug users’ community, the infection can spread quickly through sharing needles and sexual transmission (Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance, 2014). There is no cure for HIV/AIDS (which was stated earlier in the paper), but there are different drugs that can be used in a combination to control the virus. All individuals that are infected with HIV/AIDS are offered these medications. There are some side effects that come with these drugs like nausea, vomiting, heart disease, shortness of breath, weakened bones, skin rash, and bone death (mainly in hip joints) (Mayo Clinic Staff, 1998-2014). The doctor will monitor his patient’s response to the treatment while they are on the medicines. HIV/AIDS infected people need to remember to take their medications. They should also do some other things if they would like to live a healthier life; like eating healthy foods, getting immunizations, and take care with companion animals. One more thing they should do is to avoid certain foods such as raw seafood, raw eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products and cook all their meat till it is well-done. Fish oils and whey protein are two supplements that can be helpful also. Methods being used to control the spread of HIV/AIDS is use a condom every...

References: Definition of Inflammatory Response. (1996-2014). Retrieved from http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=19510
Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance. (2014). What factors make some populations more vulnerable to HIV and AIDS? Retrieved from http://www.e-alliance.ch/en/s/hivaids/prevention/what-makes-some-populations-more-vulnerable-to-hiv/
Mayo Clinic Staff, (1998-2014). HIV/AIDS. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services... (2012). U.S. Statistics. Retrieved from http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/statistics/
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