Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services
How Demographics and Disease Trends are likely to Influence Health Care Delivery
Life is ever changing. Society changes their ideals to the majority, technology is the forefront of living, and life spans are extending by years. Diseases that plagued older generations are being prevented and/or cured with the use of modern technology and understanding of the disease itself. Disease trends are being found, and development for the prevention is the forefront of many countries. Health care is also affected, and major developments are being made to insure the health of all who life today. Aging and obesity with its environment factors and demographics are being narrowed down, and the future of health care is a promising one.
The current age composition of the United States population consists of an ever growing advanced age population. The baby boomers born around 1900-1960 are becoming the growing percentage of the aging population. The people born around this time period increased the U.S. population ten-fold. Along with the increased population, the life expectancy has dramatically increased. The average life expectancy rate is about 78 years. It is also expected to increase in population almost 1% every year. The aging population makes up 12.9% of the total U.S. population. It is projected that the majority of the population would at least 55-59 within the next 10 to 20 years. In some research studies, the distribution of child dependency and senior dependency would almost be equal to each other.
There are environmental factors and changing demographics that contribute to the current age composition as well as the aging trend. When looking at the environmental factors, there is a lot that technology can contribute to. Adaptation is one of the biggest factors to the increasing aging population. Immunities to certain diseases increase life expectancy. Clean drinking water is another factor to a healthy society. New regulation has filtration systems in place so that bacteria and different diseases are not present to put our society at risk. There is a higher fertility rate in the United States than anywhere else in the world, this can also increase the population and in turn also increase the number of older ages in the U.S. Lastly, with the changing weather in the area, there are less severe weather changes that can put the gain population at risk for illnesses like pneumonia. With the changing demographics, it also contributes to the provisions for the aging population. In the U.S. there is a lower percentage that the elderly population is in poverty. This means that the elderly population to make sure that they are living in areas that provides for their needs. With less of the elderly population not being in poverty, medical needs are also taken care of. The availability to needed care prevents diseases, and in some cases, the progression of chronic illnesses that can impair their quality of life. Another demographic change is the increase of those who are retired and living on retirement, social security, pensions and other means. Housing changes have also changed the demographic of the United States. The aging population has a higher percentage of owning their own home, or living in assisted living or nursing homes for constant care.
Increases in the aging population are also likely to increase some of the health issues that this class has covered throughout of nine weeks. As a body ages, there are many changes that take place. Blood vessels and bones become weaker, causing illnesses that particularly plague the older population. Acute renal failure is where the kidneys experience decreased blood flow. This causes the body to try to work harder to compensate. Because the body can’t filter out the waste, it can cause the development of other health issues. Another health issue that affects the aging population is musculoskeletal issues such as a loss...
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