Hazrat Umar Farroq
Caliphate of Hazrat Umar
Hazrat Umar: His life before becoming a caliph and his character
Hazrat Umar belonged to the Quraishi family of Banu Adi.
His father’s name was Khattab bin Nufail.
The ancestry of Hazrat Umar coincided with the Holy Prophet (PBUH) in eighth generation.
The name of Hazrat Umar’s mother Hantamah bint Hisham bin Mughairah.
He was born in the Year of the Elephant (about 40 years before migration). He was thus 12-13 years younger than the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Hazrat Umar was born in an educated and well-off family. He too was personally eduated by his father. In his youth, Hazrat Umar acquired the skills of geneology, fighting, wrestling and oratory.
Before his acceptance of Islam, Hazrat Umar was appointed to the ambassadorial post by the
He was well-established in trade.
Hazrat Umar was 27 years old when the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was given the charge of
In the sixth year of Prophethood, Hazrat Umar accepted Islam in Arqam’s house in Makkah, which at that time was the centre of Prophet’s preaching.
After his conversion to Islam, Muslims performed prayer for the first time in Ka’bah.
He was thirty three years old when he embraced Islam.
He was given the title Farooq i.e. one who can distinguish between right and wrong by the Holy
Prophet (PBUH) after he converted to Islam.
He migrated to Madina and took part in all major battles, i.e. Badr, Uhad, Ditch, Khyber and
His daughter Hazrat Hafsah was Holy Prophet (PBUH)’s wife.
He gave half his wealth at the time of the Tabuk Expedition.
Main attributes of his personality:
Simplicity, kindness, full commitment, dedication and devotion to his duty as Caliph, good judge of men, able to discern truth from falsehood, high moral standards, tough as administrator, possessed the qualities of foresight and far-sightedness, quick and sharp in