SIGNIFICANCE DURING THE PROPHET’S LIFETIME:
Ali was the first cousin of the Holy Prophet and so belonged to the Banu Hashim. His father was Abu Talib bin Abdul Muttalib, who had brought up Mohammad in his childhood. Ali was about ten years old whepn the Prophet received the first revelation.
Ali got the special opportunity of living in the company of the Prophet and so developed great love for him since his childhood. Ali was brave and literate and was a very intelligent youth of Makkah. He led a pious and noble life, hated idol worshipping, drinking, gambling and bloodshed. He was first among the children to embrace Islam. . One day he saw his cousin and his wife put their foreheads on the ground. Hazrat Ali looked at them amazingly. Never before had he seen anybody saying prayers in this style. When the prayer was over, Hazrat Ali asked his cousin about this strange act. He explained: "We were worshipping Allah, the One," the Holy Prophet said, "I advise you to do the same and never bend your head before Lat, Uzza or any other idol." Next morning Hazrat Ali accepted Islam. When the Holy Prophet asked the Hashimites to help him in his mission, Hazrat Ali was the only person to respond to his call. After that Ali started supporting the Holy Prophet bravely and the Prophet declared him as ‘’my brother and my lieutenant’’.
The Prophet gave his youngest daughter Fatima in marriage to Ali and Hassan and Hussain were born from this marriage. Ali demonstrated utmost courage and boldness by sleeping in the bed of The Prophet on the night before migration to Medina. At that time he had entrusted to Ali the task of returning the belongings of the people that had been placed in the Prophet’s custody for safe keeping.
In Medina, when the Prophet declared the emigrants and helpers as brothers, the Holy Prophet declared that Ali would be his brother. Hazrat Ali was a brave warrior and showed great courage in all battles. At the time of the Battle of Badr, he was