OH&S in the Workplace
Risk Management Process - Hazard Identification
The Reality ...
Over 2 million people succumb to work related accidents/diseases every year • 6,000 deaths every single day • 340 million occupational accidents
640,700 people experienced at least one work related injury/illness in Australia in 09/10 • 216 deaths • 127,620 workers’ compensation claims for serious work-related injuries or illnesses (09/10) • Work related injury and illness were estimated to cost $60.6 billion in 08/09 financial year - represented 4.8% of GDP 2
Describe the Risk Management Process Define what a Hazard is Characterise the four types of hazards Categorise hazards Summarise hazard identification techniques Identify existing sources of information, data and tools to assist in identifying hazards Explain how to identify hazards as part of a Job Safety Analysis 3
Risk Management Process
Identify Review Assess
See it (identify hazards) Assess it (assess risks) Fix it (control measures) Evaluate it (evaluate risks) Review it (review process) 5
something that has the potential to cause harm to people, property or the environment
An employer must ...ensure that appropriate steps are taken to identify all reasonably foreseeable hazards arising from work which may affect the health or safety of employees or other persons at the workplace
Reasonably Foreseeable Hazards ...
Obvious (apparent to the senses)
poor housekeeping, chemicals, load shifting, working at heights, unguarded equipment
Hidden (not apparent to the senses)
Psychological , biological, potential energies
Developing (can’t be recognised immediately)
Noise, building or structural damage
Transient (intermittent or temporary)
seasonal, shut down/start up of plant, refurbishment of premises
toxic, corrosive, etc
noise, heat, light, vibration
fall from height, slip, trip, fall
water, air, ground
force, repetition, manual handling
fire, flood, earthquake
gas, water, electricity
collapse, heart attack
war, riot, demonstration
needles, scalpels, glass
furnaces, cool rooms, welding 10
boilers, gas cylinders, compressed air
Can YOU Spot the Hazards?
Hazard Identification Techniques
Pre Start Checks Workplace inspections
Job Safety Analysis
Information Sources ...
industry information & statistics safe work method statements feedback from toolbox meetings
complaints maintenance reports
codes of practice
minutes from oh&s committee meetings
Results from previous audits & workplace inspections
incident reports & investigations policies & procedures near misses first aid reports
Manufacturer’s Operating Instructions
How Do We Do It ...
PREPARE Select experienced worker(s) Explain what you’re doing Observe the employee perform the job and write down the tasks and elements of each task together with any hazard or potential hazard ASK QUESTIONS & LISTEN NOTE DEVIATIONS(Very Important!) Repeat job observation as many times as necessary to identify all hazards 15
Noelene is an experienced phlebotomist who has been in the position for over 10 years. She has a company car which she uses to drive to homes of patients to collect pathology...
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