Hazard Management

Topics: Risk, Hazard, Risk management Pages: 6 (568 words) Published: August 24, 2013
OH&S in the Workplace

Risk Management Process - Hazard Identification

The Reality ...
 Over 2 million people succumb to work related accidents/diseases every year • 6,000 deaths every single day • 340 million occupational accidents

 640,700 people experienced at least one work related injury/illness in Australia in 09/10 • 216 deaths • 127,620 workers’ compensation claims for serious work-related injuries or illnesses (09/10) • Work related injury and illness were estimated to cost $60.6 billion in 08/09 financial year - represented 4.8% of GDP 2

Session Objectives
      Describe the Risk Management Process Define what a Hazard is Characterise the four types of hazards Categorise hazards Summarise hazard identification techniques Identify existing sources of information, data and tools to assist in identifying hazards  Explain how to identify hazards as part of a Job Safety Analysis 3

Risk Management Process
Identify Review Assess

Evaluate
4

Control

SAFER Approach

 See it (identify hazards)  Assess it (assess risks)  Fix it (control measures)  Evaluate it (evaluate risks)  Review it (review process) 5

hazard
something that has the potential to cause harm to people, property or the environment

Reasonably Foreseeable
 An employer must ...ensure that appropriate steps are taken to identify all reasonably foreseeable hazards arising from work which may affect the health or safety of employees or other persons at the workplace

7

Reasonably Foreseeable Hazards ...

8

Hazard Categories
 Obvious (apparent to the senses)
 poor housekeeping, chemicals, load shifting, working at heights, unguarded equipment

 Hidden (not apparent to the senses)
 Psychological , biological, potential energies

 Developing (can’t be recognised immediately)
 Noise, building or structural damage

 Transient (intermittent or temporary)
9

 seasonal, shut down/start up of plant, refurbishment of premises

Hazard Sources
CHEMICAL
toxic, corrosive, etc

HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
carcinogens

RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
ionizing

BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
viruses

PHYSICAL
noise, heat, light, vibration

MECHNICAL
entanglement, engulfment

GRAVITATIONAL
fall from height, slip, trip, fall

PSYCHOLOGICAL
aggression, violence

ENVIRONMENTAL
water, air, ground

ERGONOMIC
force, repetition, manual handling

NATURAL
fire, flood, earthquake

ANIMAL
attack, disease

SERVICE
gas, water, electricity

HEALTH
collapse, heart attack

EXTERNAL
war, riot, demonstration

SHARPS
needles, scalpels, glass

THERMAL
furnaces, cool rooms, welding 10

PRESSURE
boilers, gas cylinders, compressed air

Can YOU Spot the Hazards?

11

Hazard Identification Techniques
 Pre Start Checks  Workplace inspections

 Audits
 Job Safety Analysis
12

Information Sources ...
position descriptions
industry information & statistics safe work method statements feedback from toolbox meetings

hazard alerts

complaints maintenance reports

standards

codes of practice
minutes from oh&s committee meetings

legislation
Results from previous audits & workplace inspections

observations

MSD’s
labels

incident reports & investigations policies & procedures near misses first aid reports
industry benchmarking

Manufacturer’s Operating Instructions
13

Risk Register

Tools ...

14

How Do We Do It ...
    PREPARE Select experienced worker(s) Explain what you’re doing Observe the employee perform the job and write down the tasks and elements of each task together with any hazard or potential hazard  ASK QUESTIONS & LISTEN  NOTE DEVIATIONS(Very Important!)  Repeat job observation as many times as necessary to identify all hazards 15

Case Study
Noelene is an experienced phlebotomist who has been in the position for over 10 years. She has a company car which she uses to drive to homes of patients to collect pathology...
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