Hawaii Annexation

Topics: United States, Kingdom of Hawaii, Republic of Hawaii Pages: 1 (388 words) Published: March 8, 2014

Many people know Hawaii for its beautiful beaches, its nice weather and its amazing culture but don’t know much about its history. Before Hawaii became the 50th state of United States of America it was its own nation with its own Monarchy government. Hawaii was annex around the time Queen Liliuokalani was in control. United States began seeking interest in Hawaii to expand its agriculture. America began trading and making deals with Hawaii while King Kalakaua was still ruling. United States also wanted to have a naval base of operations to see after their possessions at the time. In 1871 Queen Liliuokalani was crowned princess, when her brother had died she was heir to the throne When Queen Liliuokalani became queen and took over the throne in 1891, a new Hawaiian constitution had removed much of the monarchy’s powers in favor of an elite class of businessmen and wealthy landowners. However, in 1891 when Liliuokalani ascended to the throne not agreeing with the constitution of 1887 she replaces it with a constitution increasing her personal authority. In early 1892 Lorrin Thurston and a group of men, mostly of American blood, formed an Annexation Club, plotting the overthrow of the queen and annexation to the United States. They kept the organization s in secret, since they were talking treason. To avoid bloodshed, Liliuokalani surrendered, but she proposed to President Cleveland to reinstate her. Cleveland ordered the queen restored, but Dole defied the order, claiming that Cleveland did not have the authority to interfere.

Hawaii entered into a number of political and economic treaties with the United States, and in 1887 a U.S. naval base was established at Pearl Harbor as part of a new Hawaiian constitution. Sugar exports to the United States expanded greatly during the next four years, and U.S. investors and American sugar planters on the islands broadened their domination over Hawaiian affairs. The matter was prolonged until after Cleveland left...
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