Religious & Racial Hate Crimes
Through history you hear of major crimes committed out of the hate for a certain culture or race or maybe even sexual orientation. These crimes are now considered a “Hate Crime” since 1968 after the murder of Matthew Shepard, a gay college kid murdered in Wyoming (Abrams, 2009). A Hate crime is “a crime criminal offense committed against a person, proper tot society that is motivated, in a whole or in part, by offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin” (Schmalleger, 2012). Forty-one states and the District of Columbia have laws against hate crimes. This means that if bias is involved, a crime such as vandalism, assault, or murder is also a hate crime, and the penalty is more severe than it would be otherwise. Some people commit hate crimes because they may not like difference, they are victims of a hate crime themselves or they feel that if they belittle someone else they are superior. (Siasoco, 1999) In 1990 George Bush signed the Hate Crime Statistic Acts which mandates a statistical tally of hate crimes. In 2009 there was a report of 6,604 hate crimes reported including three murders across the United States. According to the FBI charts 49% of the hate crimes were due to race, 18.5% sexual orientation, 17.7% religion, 13.5% ethnicity and 1.2% disability (Schmalleger, 2012).
Through history two of the most targeted hate crimes that have had the biggest outcome on history would be religious and racial hate crimes. With racial hate crimes you have hate groups that target certain race. For example there is the Ku Klux Klan, one of the biggest racial hate groups in the US. The Ku Klux Klan also known as the KKK is a “racist, anti-Semitic movement with a commitment to extreme violence to achieve its goals of racial segregation and white supremacy” (League, 1913) known for...
Cited: Abrams, J. (2009, october 22). Hate crime bill approved by congress. Retrieved October 2012, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/10/22/hate-crimes-bill-approved_n_330702.html
Cropper, C. (2001). Black Man Fatally Dragged In a Possible Racial Killing . Retrieved 2012, from Race Matters : http://www.racematters.org/nytarchjb161.htm
Hirschfield, B. (2011, September 9). Did religion cause 9/11? Retrieved October 2012, from The Blog: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rabbi-brad-hirschfield/did-religion-cause-911_b_955329.html
Laura Hayes, B. B. (2007). Al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden 's Network of Terror. Retrieved from Info Please: http://www.infoplease.com/spot/al-qaeda-terrorism.html
League, A.-D. (1913). About the Klu Klux Klan. Retrieved 2012, from ADL : http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/kkk/default.asp?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=4&item=kkk
Schmalleger, F. (2012). Criminal Justice. In F. Schmalleger, A Brief Introduction (pp. 46-47). New JErsey: Pearson Education.
Siasoco, R. V. (1999, August 18). No longer a black or white issue. Retrieved from Defining Hate Crimes : http://www.infoplease.com/spot/hatecrimes.html
Please join StudyMode to read the full document