Community Health Nursing: Epidemiology
Western Governors University
Course: Community Health Nursing
HAT Task 1
The World Health Organization, define Health promotion as "the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions". (www.WHO). Healthful diet and maintenance of physical activity promote and reduce the progress of chronic diseases and preserve functionality in elders. Everyone must pursue a good health or ideal health. To achieve that, the individual or population must take into reflection individual characteristics and experiences, to determine the best methods to attain the best health and better quality of life. In 2008, the annual healthcare cost of obesity in the US was estimated to be as high as 147 billion dollars a year (Finkelstein 2009). Orange County Description
Orange County is situated in Central Florida, is one of the biggest and longest developing urban areas in the State of Florida. The County covers 1,004 square miles, 13 municipalities, over 40 unincorporated areas. Orange County is a county located in the U.S. State of Florida. It is the center of the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area. We have warm dry summers and mild winters with relatively rainfall averages of 7-10 inches. Air quality in Orange County is graded as good. According to Orange County drinking water report in 2012, drinking water is good. In 2010, the county had a population of 1,145,956 ( U.S Department of Commerce: Census Bureau). Orange County’s population has increased near 190,000 people or 21.2 %. This rate exceeds the 16.2% expansion- rate for Florida. Over the past ten years, there was great city boost that reduced some of Orange County’s rural population. Today, Orange County has approximately 97% urban and 3% rural. Birth rate per 1000 people from 2000-2006 was 15.6. Death rate per 1000 people from 2000-2006 was 6.7. There are about 1,246 people per square mile in the urban area. The median age is 33.3 years old. Orange County population is predominantly white with 49.75%, followed by Hispanics with 27% and Black with 21.7% and 4.3% Asian. The median household income in 2013 is $40,970 (www. cflhealthymeausres). In 2013, 33,975 families below poverty level(www.cfl),25,326 families below poverty with children. 18.5% of households lives in poverty, 25.8% under 18 lives in poverty. In March 2013, unemployment is 6.6%. Crime rate in 2012 was 7.4%. 86.9% persons aged 25 and older have a HS diploma, 30% have a bachelor degree or higher. 17.5% uninsured in population between 18-64 years old, 11.9% household with children lack of medical insurance. Although Orange County is generally a healthy community, improvements must be made to encourage the elderly to become active to prevent progression of chronic diseases to maintain functionality. Improvement includes educating the elderly on improving physical activity which will decrease obesity, improve cardiovascular functions, and overall decrease progression of chronic diseases.
Interpretation of the Community
Community health assessment is aimed at depicting the health of the community, by revealing information about the health status, community health needs, resources, and epidemiologic issues of the population. According to the genogram, the leading health issues in Orange County, are consequence from a number of reasons, which can be modified or controlled. Harmful personals behaviors such as overeating, smoking, deficient nutrition, lack of physical activity, substance abuse and unsafe sexual activity have a huge impact on individuals health. Economic, language and cultural issues are barriers to access and use of medical and preventive care. Income and unemployment are social factors that impact or limit the access to health services....
References: Communities for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Communities Putting
Prevention to Work
Florida Department of Health in Orange County. (2011). Community Health. Statistics.
Florida Department of Law Enforcement FDLE. (2013). Crime in Florida. Orange County. Retrieved From
Orange County Florida FL. (2012). City-Data.com. Retrieved From
Orange County Register. (2013). Healthy Living. Retrieved From
U. S. Department of Commerce. Unite States Census Bureau. (2011). American
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