Harvard Reference

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32 Harvard Referencing 2006
Note: this page is only an introduction to the Harvard referencing system. Curtin Library & Information Service provides a modified version of the author-date system presented in: Snooks & Co. 2002, Style manual: For authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, John Wiley & Sons Australia, n.p. For referencing electronic sources, refer to the American Psychological Association 's Publication manual: American Psychological Association 2001, Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edn, APA, Washington, DC. Note: A modified APA style is used for electronic sources to fit in with the Harvard referencing style provided by Curtin Library & Information Service as the Style manual does not cover this area fully. The information and examples contained on this page are chiefly derived from the above publications. It is very important that you check your department or school 's assignment guide as some details, eg. punctuation, may vary from the guidelines on this page. You may be penalised for not conforming to your school 's requirements. What is Referencing? Referencing is a standardised method of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your assignment in a way that uniquely identifies their source. Direct quotations, facts and figures, as well as ideas and theories, from both published and unpublished works must be referenced. There are many acceptable forms of referencing. This information sheet provides a brief guide to the Harvard referencing style. Within the text of the assignment the author’s name is given first, followed by the publication date. A reference list at the end of the assignment contains the full details of all the in-text citations. Why Reference? Referencing is necessary to avoid plagiarism, to verify quotations, and to enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments. Steps Involved in Referencing 1. Note down the full bibliographic details



Citations: (Madden & Hogan 1997, p. 45) OR Madden and Hogan (1997, p. 45) discuss this idea… Madden, R & Hogan, T 1997, The definition of disability in Australia: moving towards national consistency, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra. (Leeder et al. 1996, p. 69) Leeder, SR, Dobson, AJ, Gibbers, RW, Patel, NK, Mathews, PS, Williams, DW & Mariot, DL 1996, The Australian film industry, Dominion Press, Adelaide. ‘This was apparently not the case before about 1995’ (Advertising in the Western Cape 1990, p. 14)… OR ‘In Advertising in the Western Cape (1990, p. 14) it was claimed that…’ Advertising in the Western Cape 1990, ABC Publishers, Cape Town. ‘University research (Brown 1982, 1988) has indicated that…’ Brown, P 1982, Corals in the Capricorn group, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton ‘In recent reports (Napier 1993a, 1993b)…’ Use a/b etc. to differentiate between works in same year. Renton (2004, p. 5) suggests that… Renton, N 2004, Compendium of good writing, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Milton The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (1980, p. 85) defined it as... As discussed by Blaxter (1976, p. 101)… Sadie, S (ed.) 1980, The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians, 6th edn, Macmillan, London E-book (Pettinger 2002)

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