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In Greek mythology, Harmonia is the immortal goddess of harmony and concord. Harmonia was the daughter of Aphrodite and Ares but Zeus gave Harmonia to Cadmus after he found Thebes. Harmonia is from Samothrace, Greece. Harmonia ranks in the bottom compared to other gods or goddesses since her parents are Olympians. The Greeks described Harmonia wearing a long robe and holding the necklace she received from Cadmus and the necklace transferred her to a serpent. Harmonia’s symbol is prosperity and peace. The Roman version of Harmonia would be Concordia. Harmonia doesn’t have an animal symbol or a patron city.
As the daughter of Aphrodite, Harmonia lead over martial harmony by comforting strife and discords. As the daughter of Ares, she represented harmonious action in war. Harmonia was born of Aphrodite’s improper affair with Ares. She was awarded to Cadmus, the hero founder of Thebes, in a wedding attended by all the gods and goddesses. Hephaestus, however, was still furious over his wife’s betrayal and presented Harmonia with a cursed necklace, which is known as the Necklace of Harmonia. The necklace doomed her descendants to endless tragedy.
When the government of Thebes was presented upon Cadmus by Athena, Zeus gave him Harmonia. All the gods honored the wedding with their attendance. Cadmus presented Harmonia with a robe and necklace, which he had received from Hephaestus or Europa. The necklace of Harmonia brought misfortunes for the ones that possessed it. According to Hyginus, the thing which brought ill fate to the descendants of Harmonia was not the necklace, but a robe that “dipped in crime”, given to Harmonia by Hephaestus and Athena.
Being married to Cadmus, Harmonia had six children and they were Ino, Polydorus, Autonoë, Agave, Semele, and their youngest son was Illyrius. Folks who described Harmonia as a Samothracian related...
Bibliography: “Harmonia: Greek goddess of harmony”
“The Goddess of Harmonia and her Role as Wife of Cadmus”
“Necklace of Harmonia”
“Harmonia” < http://www.angelfire.com/planet/mythguide/harmonia.html>
Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 26 Mar. 2011. .
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