The Harlem Renaissance
The Harlem renaissance was just the start of a new beginning for the African Americans in North America. Now the U.S. has a black president, in the 1800 you be killed for thinking of a black cloud becoming someone. And this all happened because of the Harlem renaissance. The Harlem renaissance was what happened when the Jim Crow laws were put in to movement. The African American population had to move the North because in the south they not find any good paying work but in the Northern City's of the U.S. like Chicago, Washington D.C. and also the largest group was in Harlem New York, and this was called the Great Migration. The Harlem renaissance happened in the years 1919 and 1926. The Jim Crow laws were put in to action in 1877. The Jim Crow laws were any laws that enforced racial segregation in the south. So there were laws like a black person could not look a white man in the eyes or there's the law were the Black's would have to sit in the back of the bus and would give up there site to a White man if tolled to but one day a black woman name Rosa Parks and refused to give up her site and that sparked a civil right movement. and the Jim Crow laws were overruled by the civil rights act of 1964 and the voting rights act of 1965. The Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York City and was built in 1913-1914 as the Hurtig and Seamon's New Burlesque Theater, designed by George Keister. In 1934 it was named the Apollo Theater and opened to the black patrons which was previously had a strict whites only policy. The first major star to appear at the Apollo Theater was the jazz singer and Broadway star Adelaide Hall in Chocolate Soldiers produced by Clarence Robinson and featured Sam Wooding's Orchestra. The Cotton Club, it was a New York City night club located in Harlem at first during the years of 1923to 1935, In the years of 1936 to 1940 in to the midtown Theater District. The Cotton Club was a Whites only club, the club had dancers, singers, comedians and variety acts, also has a house band. During 1920 and 1930 there was an creative outburst among the African American in community in all aspects of art. A couple of the most famous writers of the Harlem renaissance was Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston. Louis Armstrong was one of the most popular male singers, he is the musicians that preformed what a wonderful Word, and there was also the female singer Billie Holiday. In this time period there was actors like Florence Mills and Paul Robeson. Aaron Douglas was an artists, he lived from 1899 to 1979. There was also Jacob Lawrence, he was a well known artists. Some of the leading intellectuals of the Harlem Renaissance were Marcus Garvey and A. Philip Randolph. The Harlem Renaissance was a good time for the African American population to learn arts and music.