Hardships and Inequalities
The Making of Europe
Paul Nelles (TA-Alex)
Slavery in Ancient Rome was visually different than that of modern forms. Slavery in Rome was not based on the race of the person as it was in more recent times but on if you were an enemy of the empire. Slavery was vital to the economic growth and in the continuance of the expansion of the empire. Even though slavery was fundamental to the Roman economy it was an abusive and degrading institution in which there were few ways to get out. The conditions in which slaves of the Roman Empire had to endure were harsh to the point that they were inhumane but were deemed suitable by society. I will be reflecting on the treatment and condition of slaves in the Roman Empire in the document “On Slavery in the Later Republic” by Diodorus Siculus. This document is a recount and comparison between the brutal lives of slaves in the gold and silver mines of Spain and also the devastating rebellion of slaves in Sicily, Italy. Slavery played a major role in the stable economy of the Roman Empire; this is why most free people saw it as appropriate to own slaves. When Rome continued with its imperial conquest they captured the people of the cities they conquered and reduced them to slavery. Throughout this expansion by Rome the extensive accumulation of wealth, power, and slaves were even more integral the economy. The wealthy land owners in Italy bought slaves by the masses to tend to their vast plantations and estates. It was the investment in land and agricultural production that made Italy wealthy. The slaves were thought of as property and not people. Even though humane legislation outlawed the mutilation or murder of slaves, the masters continued with the disfigurement and excessive amounts of cruelty shown towards them. After the Romans took over Iberia, the locals who were living there before were also reduced to slaves. The slaves...
Bibliography: BIBLIOGRAPHY others, James M. Brophy and. Lives. 5th Edition. Vol. 1. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 2012.
—. Perspectives from the Past. 5th Edition. Vol. 1. 2 vols. New York, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Company, 2012.
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