Topics: Problem of evil, Theology, Theodicy Pages: 2 (703 words) Published: February 17, 2013
Adrienne Smith
Short Essay #1

Short Essay on Hamartiology
In order to better understand Hamartiology we must first begin to unravel the place in which Hamartiology originally derived. Hamartiology technically is the study of sin. Hamartiology, in the original Greek, literally means missing the mark. In order to get a better understanding of the study of sin, we must first means one must first look at where sin first began. The first sin and disobedient act against God can be found in Genesis 3. This occurred briefly into the beginning of creation. After God created man and woman in Adam and Eve, he then commanded them to stay away from one particular tree. Satan showed up symbolized in a serpent to tempt Eve to eat fruit from the forbidden tree. In her human sinful nature she proceeded to take that first sinful bite.

The problem of evil, also known as theodicy, is simply a label for a serious of problems involving God and evil. One of these problems lies in the question of why the righteous suffers. Another one of these questions raised concerning the problem of evil is whether God does good or if he does evil. This problem of evil is not bound to Christian theology, but stretches over many other religions not only in the Western world.

There are two different categories of evil. Moral evil is evil produced by activities of moral agents. Natural evil is evil that occurs in the process of the functioning of the natural order (Ewell).” Moral evil are things like crime, slavery, prejudice, and other injustices. Examples of natural evil are things like hurricanes, tornadoes, cancer, and other things of natural order. Theodicies must be internally consistent because nothing can be contractive. It must be relative to the specific theology that it addresses (Ewell 1884). The theodicy of evil exists because of the gift of God’s gift of free will to man. Therefore, God did not necessarily create evil in itself. Because of man’s free will,...

Bibliography: Grandberg, L. I., and J. R. Root. “Marriage, Theology of.” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, ed. Walter A Elwell, 2nd ed., 743-44. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001.
Wallace, R. S., and G. L. Green. “Christology.” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, ed. Walter A. Elwell, 2nd ed., 239-45. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001.
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