Harappa

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HARAPPA
Harappa is an ancient city which was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Indus valley civilization ancient civilization flourished from about 2500 BC to about 1500 BC in the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, in the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent.In 1921 archaeologists found this site when spectacular ruins were found in Harappa and Mohen-jo Daro.

Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, northeast Pakistan, about 20 km west of Sahiwal. The site takes its name from a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River, some 5 km southeast of the site.

The site contains the ruins of a Bronze Age fortified city, which was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, centered in Sindh and the Punjab.The city is believed to have had as many as 23,500 residents—considered large for its time.

The two greatest cities, Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, are from 2600 BC, along the Indus River valley in Punjab and Sindh. The civilization, with a writing system, urban centers, and diversified social and economic system, was rediscovered in the 1920s after excavations at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh near Sukkur, and Harappa, in west Punjab south of Lahore.

The archaelogical site at Harappa was damaged in 1857, when engineers constructed the Lahore-Multan railroad and they used bricks from Harappa ruins for track blast.Still the artifacts were never shortened.

A small museum houses majority of the artifacts excavated from the site. There is a female and a male skeleton with all its ornaments, and potteries around it which depicted the burial custom of Harappans.

The culture of the Indus Valley Civilization was mainly a urban culture with increased surplus of agricultural production and commerce,which included trade with Sumer which in southern Mesopotamia. Both Mohenjo-daro and Harappa are generally characterized as having "differentiated living quarters, flat-roofed brick houses, and fortified administrative or religious

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