Haptic technology

Topics: Virtual reality, Military, Haptic technology Pages: 17 (4791 words) Published: January 20, 2014
Haptics in military applications
Lauri Immonen

University of Tampere
Department of Computer Sciences
Computer Science / Int. Technology
Seminar paper: Haptics in military
applications
December 2008

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University of Tampere
Department of Computer Sciences
Computer Science / Interactive Technology
Lauri Immonen: Haptics in Military Applications
Seminar paper, 14 pages, 4 index and reference pages
December 2008

Haptic applications are used versatilely in the military field. Haptics can be used to enhance the users’ immersive feeling when performing training in virtual reality environments. Better performance in real life situations can be expected with the help of realistic training environments. Haptics can also be used to communicate or navigate in different surroundings. Haptic navigation and communication methods can provide an alternative to traditional methods.

In this paper I have a look at different military fields and applications. I present example applications, which are being used in those fields. The applications are discussed and conclusions are made. Haptics, despite of being a relatively new topic in military field, has a small but certain ground already and will be more important in the future.

Key words and terms: Military; communication; haptic cue; tactile signal; tactile display; vibrotactile; tactors; virtual reality; surgery simulation

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Contents
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Introduction ............................................................................................................... 1 Fields of applications................................................................................................. 1 2.1. Medical ............................................................................................................ 1 2.2. Communications and navigation...................................................................... 2 2.3. Combat ............................................................................................................. 3 Application examples ................................................................................................ 3 3.1. Medical field: A Haptic-Enabled Simulator for Cricothyroidotomy............... 4 3.2. Communication field: Comparison of Army Hand and Arm Signals to a Covert Tactile Communication System in a Dynamic Environment ........................ 5 3.3. Communication, navigation and combat fields: Tactile Displays and Detectability of Vibrotactile Patterns as Combat Assault Maneuvers are Being Performed .................................................................................................................. 7 3.4. Navigation and combat fields: The design and deployment of a spatialized vibrotactile feedback system ..................................................................................... 9 3.5. Combat field: A tactile cue for firearms and other trigger-activated devices 12 Discussion ............................................................................................................... 13 Conclusions ............................................................................................................. 14

References ..................................................................................................................... 15

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1. Introduction
Military operations and actions include often many different areas; in one large scale military operation involved could be strategic, logistical, medical, communication, combat and maintenance areas. Traditionally training in military has been training in theory and then practicing the learned theories in real life environments or in environments, which imitate real environments, such as obstacle courses. As technical and electronic products and applications are developing, there is a need also in military field to research and introduce new technologies, which could help in training and operating in...

References: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, vol. 111, pp. 308-313. IOS Press, 2005.
Feedback in Virtual Reality-Based Training Applications. Eurohaptics Conference,
2005 and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator
Systems, 2005. World Haptics 2005.
Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST), Hong Kong, Nov. 2004.
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