Happy new year

Topics: New Year, New Year's Day, New Year's Eve Pages: 3 (1845 words) Published: October 27, 2014

1.For many people around the world, January is an opportunity to make a fresh start with the new year, but some might not know over the last 4000 years, New Year has not always been celebrated on the 1st of January. The celebration of the new year on January 1st is a new phenomenon. The earliest recording of a new year celebration is believed to have been in Mesopotamia, about 2000 B.C and was celebrated around the time of the vernal equinox, in mid-March. A variety of other dates tied to the seasons were also used by various ancient cultures. The Egyptians, Phoenicians and Persians began their new year with the fall equinox while the Greeks celebrated it on the winter solstice. The first time the new year was celebrated on January 1st was in Rome in 153 B.C. The new year was moved from March to January because that was the beginning of the civil year, the month that the two newly elected Roman consuls began their one-year tenure but this new year date was not always strictly observed and the new year was still sometimes celebrated on March 1. In 46 B.C. Julius Caesar introduced a new, solar - based calendar that was an improvement on the ancient Roman calendar. The Julian calendar suggested that the new year would occur with January 1. For the Roman, January 1 consistently became the start of the new year. In medieval Europe, however, the celebrations were considered pagan and unchristian like and in 567, the Council of Tours abolished January 1 as the beginning of the year. At various times and in various places throughout medieval Christian Europe, the new year was celebrated on Dec. 25 - the birth of Jesus; March 1; March 25, the Feast of the Annunciation; and Easter.In 1582, the Gregorian calendar reform restored January 1 as new year's day. Although most Catholic countries applied the Gregorian calendar almost immediately, it was only gradually adopted among Protestant countries. The British, for example, did not adopt the reformed calendar until 1752....
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