TABLE OF CONTENTS
TOPIC PAGE NO
I. INTRODUCTION (ii) a. Significance
c. Research methodology
d. Research limitations
e. End product of research
II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
a. Type of weave
b. Different type of looms
III. LITERATURE REVIEW
a. Pakistan textile industry
b. charts (xviii-xxix)
d. Archival research
V. CONCLUSION (xxxiii) VI. BIBLIOGRAPHY
VII. ANAXTURE (xxxvi) a. handloom machine (xxxvi) b. traditional handloom machine (xxxvii)
Fabric, or cloth, is a supple artificial material which is made up of a network of artificial or natural fibers (yarn or thread) formed by knitting (textiles) or weaving, or pressed into felt. An important field for research is hand weaving which is defined as the act or art of forming cloth in a loom by the union or intertexture of threads. SIGNIFICANCE:
Hand weaving is not only an art it is a cultural heritage representing some specific areas of different countries. So it should remain alive as far as its customs and traditions are concerned. With the lot of advancement in technology hand weaving can not be underestimated, as machines cannot replace this art. A lot of literature study has been done on the subject but its practical importance has been lost among the masses. Due to lack of institutions and professionalisms this field is diminishing from the world. It should be taught as a separate subject in universities to spread the importance of this field among the masses. Researches should be made on it at higher level to promote it and bring its commercial use all over the world. Non availability of factories for hand weaving is another reason for its decline.
Still there are fabrics in the world which are more useful in hand weaving as compared to their result in machine weaving. i.e.
The Buldan fabric is 100 % cotton so it’s natural and healthy. Nowadays, all the people around the world prefer living natural. Its hand woven and an old traditional fabric. The clothes are colored by using ochre. The “Buldan fabric” is known as the soft cotton thread, slender cloth, hand woven cloth and different colored cloth, since old periods of history. It is used especially for silky Handkerchief, silky sheets, undercoat, crepon napkin and towel. The production of Buldan fabric is still done in workbenches not in automatic machines. The products are sewed by the women living in Buldan not in factories. So the same products can differ from hand by hand.
There is a handsome amount of difference in the quality of the fabric made by automatic machines and hand woven fabric. The result of hand woven fabric is better then the fabric produced by machine.
It’s a new angle to the existing work on hand weaving to bring the people under one roof where their ideas can be displaced in the form of their work. People having the knowledge of this work are not literate and there are doing this work just to run their home and family. Mostly women of rural areas do this job. So the work of such people should be promoted and encouraged so that their capability comes in front of the world in real sense. Existing knowledge about this field is very limited, so proper guidance of professionals is required to bring the interested and talented...
Bibliography:  Black, “the key to weaving,” ( Macmillan Publishing Company,1980) pp 540-545
Hart , “rigid heddle weaving ,”( 2002)
 Tod, “the joy of hand weaving,” (Dover publication, 1977)
 Timmins, “ The last shift: the decline of handloom weaving in nineteenth-century Lancashire,” (Manchester University Press ND, 1993)p 35
 Baines, “hand spinning and weaving,” (B.T. Batsford, 1989)
 Piroch, “the magic of hand weaving,” (Krause Publications, 2004)
 Inwood & Wagg, “the survival of handloom weaving in rural Canada circa 1870,”(University of Guelph, 1993)p 346
 Brown, “hand weaving for pleasure and profit” (New York, Harper & Brothers publication, 1952)p 2
Luther, “Hand-loom weaving, plain & ornamental,”(new York, Sir Isaac pitman & sons ltd, 1920)p 9-11
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