Unit Test, Part 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, c. 600 B.C.E. to c. 600 C.E.
Complete and submit this assignment by the due date to receive full credit.
1. Analyze similarities and differences in methods of political control in TWO of the following empires in the Classical period:
• Han China (206 B.C.E.–220 C.E.)
• Mauryan/Gupta India (320 B.C.E.–550 C.E.)
• Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E.–476 C.E.)
The Roman Empire seems to have upheld monarchy, aristocracy and democracy together in Rome. Rome was divided into two classes, one being the Patricians, which were the small group of aristocratic people and the second being the Plebeians, which were the commoners and everyone else. Rome was an innovator in that they created the first known body of the senate, chosen by the elite class to represent their decisions. The senate was supposed to set policies for the consuls and elect 2 people as chief executives of Rome, one to take care of Rome domestically and make sure that everything as going well inside the empire and the other to conquer new territories and fight wars. Each consul had a one year term check and a senator was not able to serve as consul again after serving for it once before until 10 years later. There was also a position of dictator in Rome when it faced terrible danger and a person would have to step up and take control of the army to face whatever enemy was opposing them. Yet, once Octavian or Caesar Augustus took over, he made the laws and the senate was no longer useful. The emperors were almost always generals because Rome decided to become an empire and conquer new lands so the republic aspect of Rome was shrouded in the hands of one man with most of