THEME – 7
AN IMPERIAL CAPITAL : VIJAYANAGAR EMPIRE
Key concepts in nutshell
Discovery of Hampi – In 1799 the frst British antiquarian colin Mackenzie. First surveyor general of India visited the ruins Hampi, collected some manuscripts had some water colours painted on monuments and made the first map of the site.
The Rayas, Nayakas and Sultans – Harihara and Bukka asserted their independence of the Delhi sultanate and established the kingdom of vijaynagar on AD 1336.
Kings and trading class – The warfare depended mainly upon powerful cavalry. The
Portuguese settled on the west coast of India in attempted to establish their trading and military stations.
The climax and decline of Vijay Nagar empire – Krishadeva Raya was un able administrator, He built dams for irrigation. He build magnificent places and temples. Its ruler Rama Raya was miserably defeated on the battlefield of (Rakshasi – Tangadi)
Talikota in A.D.1565. The victorious armies plundered and destroyed the city of Vijay nagar. Vijaynagar Hampi Architecture - The Vijaynagar architecture (Hampi Architecture) of the period (1336-1365)was unique building style evolved by the imperial vijaynagar empire. Hampi Bazar – Portuguese travellers paes and nuntiz visited hampi in the mid 1500 century. They give an account of hampi Bazar thus “ in this street lived many merchants and there you will find all sorts of rubies, diamonds pearls and cloths that you may wish to buy.
Building and places - we know today about the vijaynagar palces and buildings is derived from the archeological excavations at Hampi as no royal palace structures have survived. ISSUED BY KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA - DOWNLOADED FROM WWW.STUDIESTODAY.COM
ISSUED BY KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA - DOWNLOADED FROM WWW.STUDIESTODAY.COM
Kings royal enclosure – Another important building at Hampi is the kings royal enclosure. Paes tells against the gate there were two circles in which there were the dancing women richly