Hamlet is a character inside a character
Freudenreich Olive says that:1"psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a 'loss of contact with reality'". In play Hamlet written by William Shakespeare an interesting character by the name of Hamlet faces the same sort of reality loss. Hamlet, the title character has several altered states of mind and personality changes. Ultimately , he time after time shows through the play evidence of abnormal behaviour. He in the play has become antagonistic by his retched uncle that goes by the name of "Claudius". King Claudius killed Hamlet's father took his throne than proceeded to get married to Hamlets mother "Gertrude". When Hamlet realized what has been done, he in turn has developed a state of madness. However Hamlet was not always insane, before the tragic plot took place he was a normal individual who studied at Wittenberg University and who had several acquaintances. Subsequently, the suspicions that Hamlet has regarding King Claudius has become Pg 2
overwhelming and quickly led to his psychological alterations. Simultaneously the Oedipus Complex takes occurrence, Hamlets father had recently passed away leaving Gertrude( Hamlets mother) alone. Afterwards the unexpected marriage with King Claudius left Hamlet struggling with the concern that the alternative of Gertrude's companionship should have been Hamlet himself. There are numerous explanations for the psychosis that Hamlet pursues, nonetheless this tragedy has left his personality changed significantly.
Hamlet began the play as an ordinary University student, he had numerous acquaintances, and had a relationship with girl named Ophelia. If Hamlet were to be insane before the assassination of his father Ophelia would have never had any affiliation with him, as well as the fact that Ophelia's father wouldn't consent to marry that nutcase. When Hamlet discovered the initial existence of the ghost he was puzzled and shocked, just as a sane man would be. When Horatio said 2" It lifted up its head and did address, Itself to motion, like as it would speak."(Act1Scene2) to Hamlet, he replied "Tis very strange."(Act1Scene2). This in turn proposes that he was not always mad since he found his father's ghost strange which is without doubt is a sane response. All in all Hamlet was not always a neurotic killer as he was formerly a average individual.
3People who are psychotic have false thoughts (delusions) and/or see or hear things that are not there (hallucinations). Hamlet is a person who fits the characteristic of an individual with psychosis. After the realization of how his father's death occurred emotions and thoughts had to have flooded his head, leaving Hamlet confused. Claudius says " And can you by no drift of conference, Get from him why he puts on this confusion, Grating so ,harshly all his days of quiet, With turbulent and dangerous lunacy?", Rosencrantz replies " He does confess he feels himself distracted. But from what cause he will by no means speak."(Act3Scene1). This text proves that Hamlet was indeed confused, this confusion furthermore leads to his brain not functioning as well as it should. Further leading to his complex personalities. 4Hamlet displays a bipolar personality type with neurotic tendencies and symptoms of depression. Hamlet may also be suffering from schizophrenia, due to the fact that he sees a ghost. Sure Barnardo, Marcellus and Horatio seen it too, but it is very possible that them seeing the ghost was all in Hamlets head. Furthermore Hamlet's the only one who had a dialogue with it. Moreover he's the only one who had seen or heard from the ghost when it showed up in Gertrude's chamber to remind Hamlet to be kind to his mother. Hamlet says to Horatio 5"My father, methinks I see my father" "in my Pg 4
mind's eye" (Act1Scene2) this incident occurred before Hamlet knew of the ghost or before anyone knew of the ghost. Hamlet having bipolar personalities is very possible.
Hamlet having such complex personalities may possibly move towards the fact Gertrude married Hamlets uncle. Hamlet was not present at school and has just returned to Denmark. At his arrival he learns that his mother Gertrude has already married his uncle Claudius. He has a hard time accepting that his mother was able to replace his father so quickly. That is what brings out the repressed feelings of the Oedipus Complex in Hamlet. The deep, sick, twisted feelings Hamlet has inside rises just a little unconsciously towards his mother. Hamlet says 6"Must I remember? Why she would hang on him, as if increase of appetite had grown"(Act1Scene2). This proves the Oedipus Complex because Hamlet is saying that he doesn't want to consider remembering his mothers affection towards his father, moreover that he should be the only one being shown affection by his mother. The Freud's theory is also taking place, hatred towards the same sex parent and affection towards the opposite sex parent. Hamlets lack of love towards Ophelia further supports the Oedipus Complex feelings, why does Hamlet not love Ophelia ?. Because he is too busy protecting his mother. Hamlet says 7"Ay, truly, for the power of beauty will sooner transform honesty from what it is to a bawd than the force of honesty can translate beauty into his likeness. This was sometime a paradox, but now the time Pg 5
gives it proof. I did love you once." Ophelia replies " Indeed, my lord, you made me believe so." than Hamlet yells " You should not have believed me, for virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock but we shall relish of it. I loved you not."(Act3Scene1). Hamlet throws Ophelia off and lies about his feelings for her, just so he can pursue his task of protecting his mother. The only reason a person would throw off a young beautiful girl such as Ophelia is because his affection is somewhere else.
Hamlet indeed has several altered states of mind and personality changes. The plot lets viewers to over think the play beyond the script itself which allows the personality to become indefinitely complex. This complex personality makes the play humorous and original. Hamlets hatred towards his new father, and his affection towards his mother can be proposed through the theory of Freud. Hamlet has to be one of the most complex personalities in writing. General characteristics of his personality can be worked out from the text of the play. The play tells us that he is witty, spontaneous, intuitive, friendly, conflicted, violent, tolerant, forgiving and compelling. In a sense his personality is a combination of incompatible characteristics. Hamlet is a character inside a character.